Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

Mount of Temptation

Mount of Temptation is the traditional Mount located in the Judaean Desert where according to the Gospel of Matthew Jesus was tempted by the devil. According to the Synoptic Gospels, after the baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River by John the Baptist; Jesus followed the Holy Spirit into the wilderness. It was there where he fasted forty days and forty nights. During or after this period Satan tried to seduce him several times. But Jesus resisted all attempts. Then Satan turned away from him and Jesus went to Galilee. In the Gospel According to John, this event is not even mentioned,

According to Christian tradition, the meeting between Jesus and Satan and the first and third temptations took place on Mount Quarantania (Mount of Temptation); located west of Jericho, where a monastery of temptation (Deir al-Quruntal)  was built. In fact, the name in Arabic originates from the forty days of fasting (the number 40 in Latin is Quadraginta). The second temptation occurred according to tradition on Temple Mount; in the temple itself, or in the southeast corner of the mountain.

Mount of Temptation: Christian Interpretation

New Testament commentators have discussed whether what happened on the Mount of Temptation is a description of a realistic and actual event that actually happened; or whether it is a parable and an illustration to express an idea. The traditional Catholic interpretation claims that it was indeed a real event. In other words, there was the physical revelation of Satan before Jesus; and their presence in the places mentioned. However, in his book Theological Theory Thomas Aquinas addresses this question and try to explain some difficulties in the text:

For example in the experience on the mountain; Jesus did not see with his own eyes all the realms of man and their wealth. But Satan described them to him in his words. This implies that not every physical expression mentioned in the story actually happened.

Aquinas also points out that the three attempts are directed against three of the seven sins: the first attempt against gluttony; the second against greed; and the third against pride. The commentators also point out the difference between temptation and test; where the first is for the purpose of making Jesus sin. While the second is for the purpose of testing him. The lesson from the story for believers is that they must follow in the footsteps of Jesus and resist the temptations of this world and his trials.

The intertextuality with the Hebrew Bible

The whole narrative is reported while trying to maintain a clear nexus with the Hebrew Bible. In other words, the Old Testament, which the New Testament was intended to replace. This motif of being tested By God or Satan is recurring in the Hebrew Bible. And is some kind of a milestone in the relationship between God and those He elects. For example Adam; Abraham; Moses; the people of Israel and Job.

So All of Jesus’ answers to Satan are quotes from the Bible and they reinforce this connection. The entire essence of this narrative is to show that where those famous figures in the Hebrew Bible failed the tests; Jesus was triumphal! Jesus came to redeem us from the Original Sin and other sins of man; succeeds in withstanding all the tests. Moreover, the children of Israel who were taken into the wilderness for forty years in order to test them did not stand the trials. While Jesus was taken for the same symbolic number of days and resisted his temptation. The first experience, which concerned eating, can be seen as the correction of the original sin committed by Adam who ate from the tree of knowledge and did not keep the command of God.

The refusal to try to bow down to Satan is a correction to the sin of the calf, the gravest sin of the people of Israel, which was a kind of repetition of the sin of the first man. The test concerned with God’s trial is in the context of an event in which the children of Israel asked for water and were rebuked by Moses lest they try God. This event is also mentioned in the rebuke of Moses in the Pentateuch.

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Flavius Descriptions of John the Baptist

RELATED POSTS

Dormition Abbey

The Dormition Abbey Jerusalem also known as Abbey of the Dormition is a wonderful site to visit when touring Jerusalem. Click here for more!

Rockefeller Archeological Museum

The Rockefeller Museum is an archeological museum located just outside the walls of Old Town Jerusalem. The museums stores real treasures.

Holy Fire In Israel

Each year we celebrate the Holy Fire in Israel! It's also known as the Holy Light and seen as a miracle that occurs every year in Jerusalem.

The Memorial to the Deportees

The Memorial to the Deportees was established at Yad Vashem as a monument to the millions of Jews herded onto cattle cars and transported from ...

Caesarea Maritima National Park

Caesarea Maritima, formerly Strato’s Tower, also known as Caesarea Palestinae, was an ancient city on the coast of the Mediterranean, now in ruins and included ...

Sarona Colony

Another great reason to come and check out Sarona Market is the Sarona Colony which is now a trendy commercial area called Sarona Tel Aviv. ...

Atlit Castle

Château Pèlerin (Latin: Castrum Perigrinorum), also known as Atlit Castle, is a Crusader fortress located near Ceasarea National Park.

Ramat Gan Safari

The Ramat Gan Safari – also known as Tel Aviv’s Zoo is a real entertainment site for the entire family! It is located just outside ...

Church of the Visitation

So the Church of the Visitation is a Catholic church in Ein Karem and honors the visit paid by the Virgin Mary, the mother of ...

Tel Dor National Park

Let's Get to know Tel Dor National Park! The park is a unique spot along Israel's shoreline with a breathtaking view and rich history!