Close this search box.

Eliyahu Golomb

Great Figures of the Land

So Eliyahu Golomb was the leader of the Jewish defense effort in Mandate Palestine and chief architect of the Haganah, the underground military organization for the defense of the Yishuv between 1920 and 1948. Eliyahu Golomb was born in 1803 under the Russian Empire (now in western Belarus). Furthermore, in 1909, his parents sent him to Eretz, Israel, to study at the Herzliya Gymnasium. Then his parents immigrated to Israel in 1911 and settled in Tel Aviv. His father, who owned a flour mill in Russia, also set up such a mill in Jaffa

Eliyahu Golomb House Tel Aviv
In This Photo: The House of Eliyahu Golomb in Tel Aviv, Rothchild Boulevard. Now the Haganah Museum.
Credit: Dr. Joseph Trotsky, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

When he graduated, Golomb and his classmates organized the “Limited Histadrut of Gymnasium Graduates,” the first pioneering training nucleus of working youth in the country. This nucleus worked in Degania A. and the Sea of ​​Galilee. In November of that year, two members of Golomb’s group were murdered: Moshe Bersky; and a week later Yosef Salzman (a member of the Kinneret group) was murdered. The murders shocked the group members.  In June 1920, the Haganah organization was established. Upon its establishment, Golomb supported the dissolution of the Hashomer organization and was one of the prominent debaters with the Hashomer members headed by Israel Shochat.

Eliyahu Golomb Establishes The Haganah 

Eliyahu Golomb is one of the founders of the Haganah and was its commander for many years, during which he purchased weapons abroad (mainly from Vienna, Paris, and Berlin). Golomb was sent abroad on behalf of the Haganah between 1922 and 1924 to purchase weapons and organize groups of young pioneers in Europe. He worked to subordinate the defense organization under institutional authority – first under the Histadrut and then under national institutions.

In This Photo: Eliyahu Golomb Tomb in Trumpeldor Cemetary, Tel Aviv
Credit: Tamar Hayardeni, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Eliyahu  Golomb stood out among the defense leadership as the representative of the younger generation who grew up in the Land of Israel. It was a popular organization, “of which anyone who can defend himself was a member. An organization that obeys the orders of the public-political leadership and its purpose is to protect not only property, life, and dignity, but also the Zionist enterprise.”

Eliyahu Golomb’s Family 

Golomb was in love with Rebecca, the sister of Moshe Sharett, who was his close friend. But she married his friend Dov Hoz. Then he later married her younger sister, Ada Shertok. Furthermore, Golomb and Ada had three children: Dikla, David (Dodik), and Dalia. His son David later became a member of the Knesset. He was buried in Trumpeldor Cemetery in Tel Aviv near his brother-in-law Dov Hoz and his family, and his brother-in-law Moshe Sharett and his wife were later buried there.



Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


Akiva Aryeh Weiss

Akiva Aryeh Weiss, whose indomitable spirit and unwavering dedication played a pivotal role in the founding of Tel Aviv. Let's Go Touring!

Jonah the Prophet

Jonah is a prophet, the central figure of the Book of Jonah, called upon by God to Nineveh to warn its residents of impending divine ...

Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl was, in more ways than one, a modern prophet, the founder of the Zionist Movement, and the visionary of the State of Israel.

Herod Antipas

Herod Antipas: His Early Life Herod Antipas was a son of Herod the Great, who had become king of Judea, and Malthace, who was from Samaria. His date ...

King David

King David is described in the Hebrew Bible as king of the United Monarchy of Israel and Judah. This post will tell you all about ...

Conrad Schick

Conrad Schick was a German architect, archaeologist, cartographer, and researcher of the Land of Israel. His impact is enormous.

Yehoshua Hankin

Yehoshua Hankin's work laid the groundwork for establishing Jewish communities and the eventual creation of the State of Israel.

Herod the Great

Herod the Great, was a Roman client king of Judea, he is known for his colossal building projects throughout Judea like Masada and Herodium.

William Albright

William F. Albright's work in biblical archaeology and scholarly contributions continue to shape our understanding of the ancient world.

Golda Meir

Golda Meir was a prominent Israeli politician and stateswoman who played a pivotal role in the early history of the State of Israel.

Need help?

Skip to content