Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

Shimon Bar Yochai

Touring Israel

Shimon bar Yochai was a 2nd-century tannaitic sage in ancient Judea. He was active after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. Also, he was one of the most eminent disciples of Rabbi Akiva and attributed by many Orthodox Jews with the authorship of the Zohar, the chief work of Kabbalah. By tradition, they were buried in the same tomb in Mount Meron; which is visited by thousands year-round. He was born in Galilee. He was one of the principal pupils of Rabbi Akiva; under whom he studied for 13 years at Bnei Brak.

Berakhot 28a relates that Shimon had previously studied at Jabneh, under Gamaliel II and Joshua ben Hananiah, and that he was the cause of the infamous quarrel that broke out between these two leaders. However, this statement is somewhat chronologically difficult, considering that about forty-five years later, when Akiva was thrown into prison, Shimon’s father was still alive.

Shimon Bar Yochai and the Romans

The persecution of the Jews under Hadrian inspired Shimon with a different opinion of the Romans than that held by his father. Shimon often demonstrated his anti-Roman feeling. When, at a meeting between Shimon and his former fellow pupils at Usha, probably about a year and a half after Akiva’s death (c. 126); Judah ben Ilai spoke in praise of the Roman government, Shimon replied that the institutions which seemed so praiseworthy to Judah were for the benefit of the Romans only, to facilitate the carrying out of their wicked designs.

Shimon’s words were carried by Judah b. Gerim (one of his own pupils) to the Roman governor, who sentenced Shimon to death (probably this governor was Varus, who ruled under Antoninus Pius, and the event took place about 161). Shimon was compelled to seek refuge in a cavern, where he remained thirteen years, till the emperor, possibly Hadrian, died.



Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

Saladin

This is very interesting story

Henry Baker Tristram

Henry Baker Tristram (1822 – 1906) was an English priest; naturalist, scholar; traveler, and ornithologist. Tristram is one of the first European scholars to arrive ...

Eliyahu Golomb

So Eliyahu Golomb was the leader of the Jewish defense effort in Mandate Palestine and chief architect of the Haganah; the underground military organization for ...

Jonah the Prophet

Jonah the prophet in the Hebrew Bible is the central figure of the Book of Jonah; in which he is called upon by God to ...

The Virgin Mary

Mary was met by the Angel Gabriel. He was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth. He went and visited the virgin ...

Charles Warren

Charles Warren was one of the very first archaeologists in the Holy Land. He was one of the earliest European archaeologists of the Holy Land

Golda Meir Meets King Abdullah

Golda Meir’s secret meetings with King Abdullah are indeed interesting. Golda Meir describes these two meetings in her autobiography, ‘My Life’. She says she had two ...

Herod Antipas

Herod Antipas: His Early Life Herod Antipas was a son of Herod the Great, who had become king of Judea, and Malthace, who was from Samaria. His date ...

Simon Peter

Who was this figure named Peter? How do we trace him back from these layers of legend to the historical great figure? More in this post!

Conrad Schick

This is very interesting story