Search
Close this search box.

Henry Baker Tristram

Great Figures of the Land of Israel

Henry Tristram Baker was a British clergyman, ornithologist, and explorer who traveled extensively throughout the Middle East, including the Holy Land of Israel. His contributions to ornithology were significant, but his exploration of the Holy Land in the late 19th century was particularly fascinating.


Henry Baker Tristram (Tristram's Jird) Meriones Tristrami
In This Photo: Tristram’s Jerd – Named after Reverend Henry Baker Tristram, who discovered the first known marionettes.
Credit: Dûrzan cîrano, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Henry Baker Tristram: The Father of Zoology of the Land of Israel

So Henry Baker Tristram is one of the first European researchers to arrive in Israel, whose writings and his collection of stuffed animals are an essential source of knowledge about the fauna of Israel in the 19th century. Tristram is the “father of zoology in the Land of Israel.” Furthermore, his book “The Flora and Fauna of the Land of Israel,” which was first published in 1889, was of great importance in the biological research of the land.


Tristram's Sterling
Tristram's,Starling
In This Photo: The Tristram’s Sterling Spotted in Masada

Furthermore, He was particularly interested in birds and had, towards the end of the 19th century, a collection of 20,000 items from all parts of the world, which he sold to the Liverpool Museum. The mammal stuffed animals he collected during his trip to Israel in the 1960s arrived at the South Kensington Museum in London. And some of the plants he collected for the Cambridge Botanical Museum.

Tristram was a devout Christian and treated the Land of Israel with reverence. Several times in his book, he tells of his admiration when he stood in front of a holy place, such as Jerusalem. In his travels, he did not stop looking for evidence of what was said in the Scriptures. He served in the mission service but did not work as a missionary in the Land of Israel and treated the Jews living there with respect.


Rock Hyrax 
Rock Hyrax
In This Photo: Rock Hyrax in Ein Gedi Oasis. So Tristram Baker Sterling Was the First to Identify Them With the Rock Rabbits Mentioned in the Bible.

Mentioning In His Diary

So in his diary, he tried to find on the sites he visited in the Holy Land; evidence of what is written in the Bible. In other words, the highlight of his journey is Jerusalem. Furthermore, he tells of the discovery of the Tombs of Kings by the delegation of Louis Félicien de Saulcy that year. Inside the coffin was a skeleton of a woman, and the sarcophagus had an inscription in Hebrew.

In fact, the discoverer’s initial hypothesis was that these were the bones of one of King David’s daughters. He visits the Temple Mount and is shown the cave under the Dome of the Rock. He writes: “In it are tunnels that connect him with the Pool of Siloam and the City of David.”

 

arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

Abraham

Abraham is the first of the Hebrew patriarchs and a figure revered by the three great monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam

Shimon Bar Yochai

Shimon bar Yochai was a 2nd-century tannaitic sage in ancient Judea. He was active after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.

King David

King David is described in the Hebrew Bible as king of the United Monarchy of Israel and Judah. This post will tell you all about ...

Golda Meir Meets King Abdullah

Golda Meir describes two secert meetings in her autobiography, 'My Life'. She says she had two secret meetings with King Abdullah.

Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl was, in more ways than one, a modern prophet, the founder of the Zionist Movement, and the visionary of the State of Israel.

Conrad Schick

Conrad Schick was a German architect, archaeologist, cartographer, and researcher of the Land of Israel. His impact is enormous.

David Ben Gurion

David Ben Gurion was in more ways than one the father of the Modern State of Israel. He was a real pragmatist that shaped the ...

The Virgin Mary

The Virgin Mary is revered for her unwavering faith, humility, and role in bringing forth the world's Savior. But what do we know about her?

Antonio Barluzzi

Antonio Barluzzi is the ‘Architect of the Holy Land,’ he was an architect that became famous for designing, many churches across Israel

Simon Peter

Who was this figure named Peter? How do we trace him back from these layers of legend to the historical great figure? More in this ...

Need help?

Skip to content