Search
Close this search box.

What is A Kibbutz?

Israel Explained

A kibbutz is a unique form of collective community in Israel that has its roots in the early 20th century. The word “kibbutz” means “gathering” or “collective” in Hebrew, and these communities are based on the principles of communal living, equality, and shared ownership of property and resources. Here are some key characteristics of kibbutzim (plural of kibbutz):



Collective Ownership: In a kibbutz, all property, including land, buildings, and resources, is collectively owned by the community members. This means individuals do not own private property, and all assets are shared.


Jewish-Land-Purchases-in-Palestine-Moshav-Nahalal

Communal Living: Kibbutz members live together in a close-knit community. They often reside in communal housing, eat in communal dining halls, and participate in various communal activities.

Equality: The principle of equality is central to the kibbutz ideology. Members are typically paid based on their needs rather than their work, and income equality is often high.



Collective Decision-Making: Major decisions in a kibbutz are made collectively, often through a democratic process where all members have a say in important matters affecting the community.

Work and Labor:

Kibbutzim emphasizes a strong work ethic. Depending on the kibbutz’s focus and resources, members are often assigned various tasks and jobs within the community, such as agriculture, manufacturing, education, or services.

Self-Sufficiency: Many kibbutzim were founded to achieve independence in agriculture and industry. While some continue to operate as agricultural communities, others have diversified into other economic activities.



Education and Childcare: Kibbutzim typically provides communal education and childcare facilities to ensure parents can participate in work and community life.

Social and Cultural Activities:

So Kibbutzim often has a rich cultural and social life, with communal events, celebrations, and recreational activities.

Kibbutzim played a significant role in the early development of Israel, particularly in agriculture and defense. They were seen as a way to build a collective and egalitarian society in the young state. Over time, however, many kibbutzim have evolved and adapted to changing economic and social conditions. Some have introduced privatization and individual ownership while retaining elements of communal life.


Kibbutz Degania
Kibbutz Degania
The Founders Court.
Credit: Dr. Avishai Teicher Pikiwiki Israel, CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

Today, kibbutzim exist in Israel, but their structure and practices can vary widely. Some remain true to the original communal model, while others have embraced more individualistic or cooperative approaches. The kibbutzim has left a lasting impact on Israeli society and remains a fascinating aspect of the country’s history and culture.

arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

Christmas in Israel

Celebrating Christmas in Israel is a truly distinctive experience. As December approaches, pilgrims partake in the festivities in Israel.

Best Water Parks in Israel

Let's take a splashy journey through some of the best water parks in the country! Here is the updated shortlist of the best water parks!

Trails and Nature Reserve in the Judean Hills

Here are some of the top hiking trails and nature reserves in the Judean Hills that promise unforgettable adventures:

Best Pubs in Jerusalem

Here's a roundup the best pubs in Jerusalem where you can unwind, enjoy great drinks, and immerse yourself in the local atmosphere:

Best Tours In Jerusalem

Jerusalem is a city filled with so many things to do! Here are some of the best tours in Jerusalem you can do when visiting ...

Top 10 Biblical Sites in Israel

Here are the top 10 biblical sites in Israel you must visit when touring the Holy Land! From Jerusalem to the Sea of Galilee!

Historical Sites in Tel Aviv

In this post, we take a journey through time to discover some of the remarkable historical sites that grace the bustling streets of Tel Aviv.

David and Solomon by Israel Finkelstein

The book ‘David and Solomon’ by Israel Finkelstein is a book that is a part of a larger debate about one of the greatest disputes ...

Ethnic Groups in Israel

Let's journey through the different ethnic groups that make Israel a true melting pot of humanity. From Druze, Jews, Arabs and Samaritans!

Jerusalem Nightlife

Jerusalem's nightlife scene has plenty of options for a memorable night out in Jerusalem. Let's go and do some exploring!

Need help?

Skip to content