Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

The Six-Day War

For many years, the relationship between Israel and its neighboring countries was tenuous; with multiple skirmishes between the countries. Eventually, the tensions between Egypt; Syria; Jordan, and Israel reached a point of no return called the Six-Day War.

The Begining of the Six-Day War

International interference was unsuccessful in preventing what would happen next. On May 13th, 1967, the USSR falsely informed Egypt and Syria that Israeli defense forces were preparing to strike Syria. While the report was false; it didn’t stop President Nasser of Egypt from responding. On May 16th, Egypt demanded that the UN peacekeeping forces leave the peninsula, and on May 22nd, Nasser closed the Straits of Tehran. Prior to this escalation; Israel has made it known that the closing of the straits would be considered an act of war, so it comes as no surprise that Israel treated it as such. It was with this act that the Six-Day War was soon to follow.

On June 1st, Israel established a National Unity Government; and by June 4th, they decided to go to war. Israel understood that it was vastly outnumbered not only in soldiers but in equipment. Thus, they created Operation Focus. Using intelligence tactics to mislead the opposing countries and keep their plan a secret; the goal was to destroy the Egyptian Air Force. On June 5th, Operation Focus was a smashing success that initiated the Six-Day War. Israel caught Egypt completely off guard, destroying many of their aircraft.

Jordanian and Syrian air forces attacked Israel in return. So Israel responded by destroying their airfields; this led to Israeli control over the air for the rest of the Six-Day War. Now the ground front against Egypt began with Israel cleverly going through Gaza to start capturing Egyptian cities before advancing further down the front. Egypt retreated and Israel followed, causing heavy Egyptian casualties. By capturing passes that led from Senai to the Egyptian mainland; the IDF was able to crush much of what was left of Egypt’s forces.

The Jordanian Front is Won By Israel

Meanwhile, on the other fronts; Israel has tried to maintain peace with Jordan. But King Hussein said their requests were too late. Moreover, there was heavy fighting between the two around West Jerusalem; Bethlehem; and other neighboring cities. Israel claimed victory in these battles; and Jordan retreated into the Jordanian territory. Although it was a risky move, Israel decided to follow Syria into the Golan Heights.

By June 9th, Israel reached the plateau to capture the area from Syria; and the UN Security Council achieved armistice on all sides. By the end of the Six-Day War, Israel defeated Egypt, Jordan, and Syria and occupied the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip; the West Bank; East Jerusalem; and the Golan Heights. In conclusion, we can the victory is attributed to more efficient military leadership; better planning; and intelligence. Now while Israel won this war; the conflict would resume again in another six years.

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

1947-1949 Palestine War

RELATED POSTS

Sarona Colony

Another great reason to come and check out Sarona Market is the Sarona Colony which is now a trendy commercial area called Sarona Tel Aviv. ...

Theodor Herzl’s Grave

Theodor Herzl’s Grave is one of the sites located on top of Mount Herzl. But who was Theodor Herzl? So he was the “Visionary of ...

Israeli Air Force Museum

The Israeli Air Force Museum (or in short the IAF Museum) in the Negev Desert houses hundreds of models of fighter jets that served in ...

Old Gesher

The old Gesher courtyard is a site in the Beit Shean Valley where the founders of Kibbutz Gesher first settled. During the War of Independence, ...

Melisende Queen of Jerusalem

One of the famous figures during the Crusader Era was Melisende (1105 – 11 September 1161). She was Queen of Jerusalem from 1131 to 1153, ...

Mount Herzl

Mount Herzl is the site of Israel’s national cemetery and other memorial and educational facilities, found on the west side of Jerusalem beside the Jerusalem ...

Gadot Lookout

Gadot Lookout (Gadot Observation Point) is a memorial site and observation site in the Golan Heights. Until the Six Day War, the place served as ...

Acre Ancient Port

It is probable that the Acre ancient port and was first located at the mouth of the Naaman River south of Tel Acre, where the urban ...

Battle of Megiddo

This Battle of Megiddo is recorded as having taken place in 609 BCE when Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt led his army to Carchemish (northern Syria) to join with his allies; ...

The Battle of Megiddo

The Battle of Megiddo, fought 15th century BCE, was between the Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III and a large rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states led by the king ...