Close this search box.

First Intifada

Holy Land Revealed

The First Intifada began in December 1987 and was a pivotal event in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Lasting until the early 1990s, this Palestinian uprising marked a significant turning point in the struggle for self-determination, human rights, and the end of Israeli occupation. The term “Intifada” itself means “shaking off” in Arabic and conveys the spirit of resistance and resilience.

The Wars of the State of Israel

Origins of the First Intifada

The roots of the First Intifada can be traced to decades of Palestinian discontent and frustration under Israeli occupation. Several key factors contributed to its outbreak:

The Second Intifada

Long-standing Occupation

Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip have lived under Israeli military occupation since the 1967 Six-Day War. This led to increasing resentment as Palestinians endured restrictions on their daily lives and faced challenges to their basic rights.

Economic difficulties and unemployment rates were high in the occupied territories, leading to frustration and a desire for change. The failure of diplomatic efforts and the stagnation of the peace process left many Palestinians disillusioned. Incidents of Israeli aggression, such as the killing of four Palestinian laborers in a traffic accident in Gaza in December 1987, catalyzed the uprising.

Hamas Flag

Characteristics of the First Intifada

The First Intifada was characterized by its grassroots nature, with spontaneous and decentralized Palestinian actions: Palestinians engaged in civil disobedience, including strikes, boycotts, and violent protests. Young Palestinians played a central role in the Intifada, often called the “Children of the Stones” for using rocks and slingshots in clashes with Israeli forces.

Riots in the West Bank.
Credit: Abarrategi, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons.

International Attention

The Intifada garnered significant international attention and support for the Palestinian cause, putting pressure on Israel to address the situation. Israel’s response to the uprising included curfews, closures, and military force, resulting in casualties. The First Intifada had far-reaching consequences:

It pushed the Israeli government and international community to acknowledge the need for political solutions, leading to the Madrid Conference 1991 and subsequent peace negotiations.

Palestinian Identity

The Intifada fostered a sense of national identity and unity among Palestinians and solidified their demand for self-determination. The Palestinian leadership adopted diplomacy and negotiations to achieve their goals alongside grassroots activism. The uprising garnered international sympathy and support for the Palestinian cause.

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict


The First Intifada remains a pivotal chapter in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It exemplified the determination of Palestinians to assert their rights and paved the way for political and diplomatic efforts to address the conflict. While the road to peace remains challenging, the First Intifada’s legacy endures, underscoring the power of violent resistance and the resilience of those striving for justice and self-determination. For more about the matter, you can read about it on Wikipedia!


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


Natufian Culture

The Natufian culture is a pivotal chapter in human civilization during the Neolithic period. Join me as we uncover this ancient society!

People’s Crusade

The People's Crusade also known as the Peasants Crusade was an unconventional and largely unorganized movement that preceded the First Crusade

The Wannsee Conference

This post is about the infamous Wannsee Conference. Every visit to the Holocaust museum is an emotional visit for me.  One of the climactic moments ...

1982 Lebanon War

The 1982 Lebanon War is a significant and complex chapter in the history of the Middle East. This post explores its main events.

The Yarmukian Culture

The Yarmukian culture flourished in the Levant during the Neolithic period, leaving behind a rich archaeological legacy.


Geshur was a territory in the ancient Levant. There is little historical information we have about Geshur; and most of it is mentioned in the ...

The Weapons of the Roman Army

The weapons of the Roman military played a key role in their success. The Roman army was known for its advanced weapons and tactics.

The Haganah

The Haganah, the 'father' of the Israel Defense Forces. The organization that gave the victory to the young State of Israel in 1948

Burji Mamluks

The Burji Mamluks took center stage, navigating the challenges of their time with determination and vision.

Fulk of Jerusalem

Fulk of Jerusalem, a crusader king who ruled the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 12th century! Let's delve into the life and legacy.

Need help?

Skip to content