The Aqueduct at Caesarea

Touring Israel

As a private tour guide in Israel when I’m taking my clients to visit one of the most amazing sites in Israel – Caesarea Maritima. I try not to skip over the water aqueduct. The aqueduct at Caesarea was built by Herod the Great (r. 37 BCE to 4 BCE). It brought the freshwater from freshwater springs that gush at The Carmel Range. The water flowed on a single raised canal, and in one section it is dug into the rock.

The Aqueduct at Caesarea is From The Time of Herod

The aqueduct at Caesarea is a known spot for those visiting Caesarea National Park. Since the city grew and the water was insufficient, another aqueduct was added by the Legions of Emperor Hadrian (2nd-century CE) It brought water from the Tanninim (Crocodiles) River. With a tunnel of about 6 km long, this section was tapped into the older aqueduct and doubled its capacity. This new water source was added to the right of the first canal, and the aqueduct was thus doubled in width. The builders used the same building materials and style, so it is hard to see that the pair of tunnels were built at different ages.

The City In The Crusader Period

After that time, the aqueduct was beyond repair. Therefore, in the Crusaders Period (12th Century CE), a third, more minor canal was built and replaced the first two. At that time, the City was smaller and required less water. So the third smaller canal was sufficient.

Alona Park (Mey Kedem)

Another (fourth) lower aqueduct in Caesarea was built during the Byzantine period. It was made to satisfy the growing need for freshwater supply to the large city. This aqueduct started from a new source of water: the springs at Maagan Michael, several kilometers north of Jiser-E-Zarka. Since the water level was too low, a dam was built to create a lake, thus raising the water levels at the source. Then, a canal was dug in the sandstone ridge and brought the water to the city. This canal was laid lower and to the east of the raised Aqueduct.



Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

The Theater at Caesarea Maritima


New Church of the Theotokos

The New Church of the Theotokos (The Nea Church) was a Byzantine church erected in Jerusalem by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.

Monastery of Saint Mark

Tucked away in the northeastern corner of Jerusalem’s Old City’s Armenian Quarter sits the Monastery of Saint Mark. Saint Mark (also known as John Mark) ...

Little Western Wall

The Little Western Wall is a Jewish religious site located in the Old City of Jerusalem The wall itself dates from the Second Temple period.

Masada National Park

Masada National Park is one of Israel’s most popular tourist attractions. Located on the eastern edge of the Judaean Desert overlooking the Dead Sea; the ...

Hamat Tiberias National Park

Located on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee near the city of Tiberias; the Hamat Tiberias National Park is an Israeli national park ...

The Herodian Quarter

The Herodian Quarter is a museum in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem. It's a magnificent neighborhood that stood during King Herod's reign.

Trumpeldor Cemetery

The Trumpeldor Cemetery is a historic cemetery in Tel Aviv. Great poets, politicians, and artists are buried there.

Achziv National Park

Achziv National Park is a popular attraction due to its stunning outdoor activities and amazing beaches. So join me and let's have fun!

Caesarea Philippi

Caesarea Philippi was an ancient Roman city located at the southwestern base of Mount Hermon. Caesarea is an archaeological site in the Golan

Banias Nature Reserve

Banias Nature Reserve houses an ancient city named Banias that developed around a spring once associated with the Greek god Pan. It had been inhabited ...

Need help?