Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

Carmel Mountain Range

Exploring the Holy Land

So Mount Carmel is a coastal mountain range in northern Israel; stretching from the Mediterranean Sea towards the southeast. Furthermore, the range is a UNESCO biosphere reserve. Also, there are a number of towns are situated there, most notably the city of Haifa, Israel’s third-largest city; located on the northern and western slopes. In addition, the Jezreel Valley lies to the immediate northeast. The range forms a natural barrier in the landscape, just as the Jezreel Valley forms a natural passageway, and consequently, the mountain range and the valley have had a large impact on migration and invasions through the Levant over time. The Carmel mountain formation is an admixture of limestone and flint, containing many caves, and covered in several volcanic rocks. The sloped side of the mountain is covered with luxuriant vegetation; including oak, pine, olive, and laurel trees.



Archaeological Excavations At Carmel Mountain Range

So as part of a 1929–1934 campaign, between 1930 and 1932, Dorothy Garrod excavated four caves; in the Carmel mountain range. In fact, Garrod discovered Neanderthal and early modern human remains. Furthermore, she found the skeleton of a Neanderthal female; named Tabun I. Moreover,  the skeleton is regarded as one of the most important human fossils ever found. The excavation at el-Tabun produced the longest stratigraphic record in the region; spanning 600,000 or more years of human activity.



The four caves and rock-shelters (Tabun, Jamal, el-Wad, and Skhul) together yield results from the Lower Paleolithic to the present day; representing roughly a million years of human evolution. There are also several well-preserved burials of Neanderthals and Homo sapiens and the transition from nomadic hunter-gatherer groups to complex; sedentary agricultural societies is extensively documented at the site. Taken together, these emphasize the paramount significance of the Mount Carmel caves for the study of human cultural and biological evolution within the framework of palaeo-ecological changes.

As a result In 2012, UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee added the sites of human evolution at Mount Carmel to the List of World Heritage Sites. The World Heritage Site includes four caves (Tabun, Jamal, el-Wad, and Skhul) on the southern side of the Nahal Me’arot Valley. The site fulfills criteria in two separate categories, “natural” and “cultural”. Of great interest for the Near East Epipalaeolithic is Kebara Cave.


Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

The Climate in Israel

The climate in Israel opposite to what many imagine it to be is quite diverse. In fact, it is divided into three main climatic zones!

Mount Hermon

Mount Hermon is a long, narrow ridge, and in the southern part of the mountain range opposite the Mountains of Lebanon. Its length is about ...

Negev Desert – Part of the World Desert Strip

Did you know that the Negev Desert  is a part of the world desert strip But How Did the Negev Become a Desert? So as ...

Great Rift Valley

  The Great Rift Valley (Syrian African Rift) what an amazing phenomenon! Once upon a time, about 25 million years ago when the two continents, ...

The Judaean Desert

So the Judaean Desert is a 'Rain Shadow' Desert. But what is it exactly?