Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem

Holy Land Revealed

Melisende was a medieval queen who ruled the Kingdom of Jerusalem from 1131 until her death in 1151. She was the daughter of King Baldwin II and the wife of King Fulk of Anjou, and she played a significant role in the history of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Crusades.


Melisende Queen of Jerusalem
In This Photo: The Church of Mary’s Tomb – Where Melisende is Buried

Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem was born in the city of Jerusalem in 1105, she was raised in the royal court and was well-educated in both religious and secular subjects. She was the granddaughter of the first King of Jerusalem, Baldwin I, and her father Baldwin II was the second King of Jerusalem. When her father passed away in 1131, Melisende was crowned Queen of Jerusalem, becoming the first woman in the history of the Kingdom to hold the title of queen pregnant.

The Reign of Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem

Melisende ruled the Kingdom of Jerusalem with her husband King Fulk of Anjou, who was the father of their son Baldwin III. Despite the fact that her husband held the title of King, Melisende was a powerful and influential ruler in her own right, and she held equal power and authority in the kingdom. She was known for her wisdom, her political acumen, and her ability to command the loyalty and respect of her subjects.


Crusade-Church-of-the-Holy-Sepulchre
In This Photo: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Throughout her reign, Melisende faced numerous challenges and threats to the Kingdom of Jerusalem, including invasions from the Muslim states of the region and internal political rivalries. However, she was able to navigate these challenges with skill and determination, and she was instrumental in securing the stability and prosperity of the Kingdom during her rule.

Her Achievements

One of Melisende’s most notable achievements was her role in supporting the construction of new churches and monasteries in the Kingdom of Jerusalem. She was a devout Christian and believed in the importance of religious institutions, and she used her wealth and influence to support the construction of several new churches and monasteries, including the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem.


Bethlehem and Jericho Tour - Nativity Church Basilica
In This Photo: The Church of Nativity in Bethlehem

In addition to her religious and political achievements, Melisende was also known for her artistic and cultural pursuits. She was a patron of the arts and supported the creation of illuminated manuscripts and other works of art, many of which are still preserved today and are considered some of the greatest masterpieces of medieval art.

In conclusion, Melisende was a remarkable figure in the history of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Crusades. As the first woman in the history of the kingdom to hold the title of queen regnant, she played a significant role in the political, religious, and cultural life of the kingdom. Her wisdom, political acumen, and devotion to the arts and religion made her a beloved ruler who was remembered for centuries after her death.

apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

Which Is the Capital of Israel

Which Is the Capital of Israel? Well, my answer, in short, would be, depends on who you ask I guess if you want the longer answer click here!

The First Jewish Roman War

The First Jewish Roman War (66–73 CE), was the first of three major revolts by the Jews against the Romans. Read all about it in this post!

Phasael

Phasael was the brother of Herod the Great. Furthermore, Phasael was born during the Hasmonean Kingdom reigns Judea to a Jewish family.

The Palestine War 1947-1949

This post is about the 1947-1949 Palestine War. Firstly, it is the first war of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the broader Arab-Israeli conflict. During this ...

The Opening Note of the 1948 War 

What was the Opening Note of the 1948 War? So The Arab decides to attack for the very first time a day after the United ...

Flavius Josephus

Flavius Josephus (Yosef Ben Matityahu) was a historian who was born in Jerusalem. He's the main historical source for the 2nd Temple period

Battle of Megiddo

This Battle of Megiddo is recorded as having taken place in 609 BCE when Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt led his army to Carchemish (northern Syria) to join with his allies; ...

Tel Megiddo

Tel Megiddo (Tel el-Mutesellim) is one of the most important Biblical Tels. This post tells about its discovery and excavations.

The First Casualty of 1947-1949 Palestine War

This post is about the first casualty of the 1947-1949 Palestine War, her name was Nechama Zoltowski Hacohen. This post is about her life!

Tel Hai

Tel Hai was a former Jewish settlement in northern Galilee. Originally known as Talha, the settlement was established in 1905 as a farm

Need help?