Jerusalem Unearthed

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is one of the holiest sites in Christianity. It is believed to be where Jesus was crucified, buried, and resurrected. Within the church are several important landmarks, including the Stone of Unction, the Chapel of the Crucifixion, and the Aedicule, which is the small shrine enclosing the tomb of Jesus. Another important site within the church is Mt. Calvary, also known as Golgotha.

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Mt. Calvary (also known as Golgotha) is located within the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and is believed to be where Jesus was crucified. Furthermore, the name “Calvary” comes from the Latin word “calvaria,” which means “skull.” The site is also known as Golgotha, derived from the Aramaic word “gulgulta,” meaning “place of the skull.” According to Christian tradition, the name comes from the hill’s shape resembling a skull. Today, Mt. Calvary is a small rocky outcrop within the church.

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In This Photo: The Church of the Agony

Calvary: What To See?

So visitors can climb up a flight of stairs to reach the top, where there is a small altar. Furthermore, the altar is decorated with a large silver cross and several candles, and visitors can offer prayers or light candles in memory of Jesus’ sacrifice. However, the actual location of the crucifixion and burial of Jesus is a matter of debate among scholars and historians.

In This Photo: The Chapel of Adam Beneath Golgotha Hill

Some believe that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the authentic site, while others argue that the Garden Tomb, located outside Jerusalem’s Old City walls, is the actual location. Despite the debate, Mt. Calvary remains an important landmark within the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and a powerful symbol of the sacrifice of Jesus.

The Garden Tomb

Visiting the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and Mt. Calvary can be an emotional and profound experience for Christians and non-Christians alike. It is a chance to connect with the history and traditions of one of the world’s oldest religions and to reflect on the meaning and significance of Jesus’ life and teachings. Whether you believe in the site’s authenticity or not, Mt. Calvary is a powerful reminder of the enduring impact of Jesus’ sacrifice and message.


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

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