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Zichron Yaakov

Destination in Israel

Zichron Yaakov is a small picturesque town located about 20 miles south of Haifa. It is located at the southern end of the Carmel Mountain Range overlooking the Med Sea. It was one of the country’s first Jewish colonies in modern Israel, founded in 1882 by Baron Edmond James de Rothschild and named in honor of his father, James Mayer de Rothschild (“James” being derived from the Hebrew name Ya’akov, Jacob).


In This Photo: Main Street of Zichron Yaakova, dotted with shops, little cafes, and more!

A Little Bit About of History About Zichron Yaakov

Zichron Yaakov was founded in December 1882 when 100 Jewish pioneers from Romania, members of the Hibbat Zion movement, purchased two plots of land 5 km apart. The difficulty of working the rocky soil and an outbreak of malaria led many of the settlers to leave before the year was up.


In This Photo: The First Aliya Museum at Zichron Yaakov

In 1883, Baron Edmond James de Rothschild became the patron of the settlement and drew up plans for its residential layout and agricultural economy. Zikhron was one of the first Jewish agricultural colonies to come under the wing of the Baron.

Ramat Hanadiv Gardens
In This Photo: The Tomb of Baron Rothschild in Ramat Hanadiv Gardens
Gila Gilad Pikiwiki Israel, CC BY 2.5, via Wikimedia Commons

The Baron also commissioned the construction of the Ohel Ya’akov Synagogue, named after his father, to serve the town. Sparing no expense to build the edifice, the synagogue features a majestic ark made of white marble. The synagogue opened in 1886 and has conducted daily prayer services continuously to this day.


In This Photo: In Zichron, there are nice little shops where you can get cool stuff

Following several economic failures, in 1885, Rothschild helped establish the first winery in Israel, Carmel Winery (that you can visit), and a bottling factory in Zichron Yaakov. This was more successful economically, although it was initially short-lived as in 1892, the grapevines succumbed to phylloxera, a type of parasite. After a brief setback, American seedlings resistant to phylloxera were grown, and the winery began to flourish. Today, the winery remains in action, as do the vast wine cellars carved into the mountain over a century ago.



Nili Spy Ring

Zichron Yaakov became famous during World War I for establishing the Nili spy ring by Sarah Aaronsohn, her brothers, Aaron (a noted botanist) and Alex, and their friend Avshalom Feinberg. The group volunteered to spy on Ottoman positions and report them to British agents offshore.


In This Photo: The House Belonging to the Aaronsohn Family, Now A Museum About Nili Spy Ring

In September 1917, the Ottomans caught one of Sarah’s carrier pigeons and cracked the Nili code. Then in October, they surrounded Zichron Yaakov and arrested Sarah and several others. After four days of torture, they planned on transporting Sara elsewhere.

Tishbi Winery
Tishbi-Winery-Distillery

She requested to be taken home to change her clothes and shot herself with a pistol hidden in her bathroom and died after several days. Sara shot herself in the throat, leaving her unable to speak to avoid releasing classified information. The Aaronsohn House–Nili Museum recreates the history of this period.

Things To Do in Zichron Yaakov

So right on the main historic street, you can visit two excellent museums: First is the Nili Museum (Beit Nili), which tells the fantastic story of the Nili Spy Ring. Second, you can visit the First Aliya Museum. Indeed a must-see spot for all visitors who visit Zichron Yaakov.

Moreover, the museum provides a peek into the reality of the first Aliah settlers’ courageous lives. Back when they did not have coffee or water for making coffee, they raised families, battled the disease, planted vines, and prayed for yield. The Barron’s clerks run the show… And the rest is history. You can enjoy delicious ice cream in July or August at Golda Ice Cream.



arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

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