This post is going to explaing all about Tethys Ocean and Israel! No doubt it had played a mjor role in the Geology of Israel. For sure it was a crucial geological process that truly shaped the landscape in Israel forever! The Tethys Sea is the name of an ocean which according to the Plate Tectonic Theory; has existed in the past and separated the continents Laurasia in the north and Gondwana in the south. Moreover, these continents split from the ancient continent of Pangea in the Jurassic Period. This ancient ocean has almost disappeared over the years, due to the movement of the plates in the Earth’s crust and the nearing of Europe, Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula. Today the only remnant is the Mediterranean Sea.
Tethys Ocean Played an Important Role in the History of the Geology
This vast ocean played an important role in the geology of the Land of Israel. Formerly, the Land of Israel has located in the depths of the Tethys Ocean. And after being exposed, the Tethys Ocean swept the area; retreating and flooding the area several times in different eras. As a result, layers of sand and chalk formed above each other.
These layered structures allow the formation of erosion craters such as the Negev Craters: Ramon Crater, the Small Crater, the Large Crater. Evidence of the existence of the Land of Israel under Tethys Ocean is seen in the discovery of marine fossils in areas such as the Negev Desert, mainly in the craters. And in the Naftali Mountains, in the area of Manara Cliffs.