Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

Horst

Geology of Israel

So when I am giving private tours of Israel at some point or another we will find ourselves standing on a horst. But wait one second what is a horst anyway in Geology? So simply said a raised fault block (mountain) bounded normal faults. Another way to describe a horst would be, that is a raised block of Earth’s crust that has lifted. Or has  remained stationary while the land on either side has subsided (Graben)



Where Can We Find A Horst In Israel?

You would be surprised. But most people that go to Masada National Park do not know they are actually standing on what is officially a horst. In fact, this is what gave the Romans the victory over the Zealots at Masada. What do I mean? So when I am on a private tour of Masada; and I am standing with my group just over the Roman Ramp they understand exactly what I mean. In other words, Masada is officially what we can define as a Horst. Meaning a mountain that got elevated and as a result detached from its surroundings. So that is something you can already see from a distance. Also, that is why probably Herod the Great chose this location as a fortress in order to protect his kingdom.



When you climb Masada or take the cable car from the east you can see immediately how high Masada is (1,200 ft). But then when you reach the west side of Masada, the side the Roman decided to attack Masada, it seems you can almost jump down to the Ramp. Why? Simply because Masada, a geological horst has a natural inclination towards the west, in other words, it is leaning to the west side. So that is why climbing Masada from the west side is much easier actually. It’s about a 600 ft climb. And that is actually bringing me to my next question! Why did the Romans even bother attacking Masada? I mean what was the point of bringing 10,000 soldiers against mostly women and children? I guess in order to find the answer for that you will have to read my post about: Why Did Romans Attack Masada?

Mt. Tabor (Mt. of Transfiguration)

Another great example of a Horst in Israel is the famous Mt. Of Transfiguration. This is the traditional site where according to the New Testament Jesus is transfigured and becomes radiant in glory. I’m saying the traditional point because the Synoptic Gospels, Matthew, Luke, and Mark, do not really specify which mountain but only a “high mountain”. So next time on your private Christian tour in Israel; when you reach the Jezreel Valley and see Mt. of Transfiguration from a distance. Now you would know the reason why it is sticking out from the rest of the landscape.



Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Masada and the Jewish Revolt

RELATED POSTS

King Herod’s Palaces

Herod I (c. 72 – 4 or 1 BCE), also known as Herod the Great, was a Roman client king of Judea. Nowdays King Herod’s ...

Arava Valley A Geological Window

The Arava Valley A Geological Window that allows the visitor to see through millions of years. But first what is a tectonic window? So simply ...

Siege of Masada

The siege of Masada was one of the final events in the Jewish Roman War occurring on 73 CE on a large hilltop at the Judean Desert, Dead Sea.

Best Tour of Masada and the Dead Sea

This is my best tour of Masada and the Dead Sea. The tour is focusing on the cultural-historical aspects of the region. Especially when we ...

Let’s Go and Private Tour Masada

Let’s Go and Private Tour Masada! No doubt is one of my favorite private tours of Israel. What has Masada National Park that attracts so ...

Israel’s Top Sites Everyone Should Visit

This is very interesting story

Masada and the Jewish Revolt

The taking over of Masada Fortress by the Romans was the ending note of the First Jewish Revolt against the Romans. For those not familiar with ...

The Dead Sea & Masada Christian Tour

Our Dead Sea And Masada Christian Tour will start at Qumran National Park! Best known as the settlement nearest to the Qumran Caves where the ...

Plate Tectonics Theory In Israel

The plate tectonics theory in Israel has a very good example in Israel. In fact, Israel is the meeting point of two tectonic plates. Plate Tectonics ...

Tethys Ocean

The famous Tethys Ocean was no doubt a geological process that shaped the landscape of the Land of Israel. Read more about it in this post!