Close this search box.

Roman Sword Unearthed

Holy Land Revealed

Excavation directors Eli Shukron of the Israel Antiquities Authority and Professor Ronny Reich of the University of Haifa made two important discoveries during excavations of a drainage channel in the ancient City of David, including a Roman gladius from the time of the destruction of the Second Jewish Temple in 70 CE and an engraving of a Menorah on a piece of stone dating from 66 CE.

The City of David

What Made the Gladius Such an Efficient Sword?

The Israel Antiquities Authority announced the findings. They show that the drainage channel, which begins in the Siloam Pool and runs from the City of David to the archaeological garden, served as a hiding refuge for the residents of Jerusalem during the Roman siege of the Second Temple built by King Herod

The gladius’ fine state of preservation is surprising; The preservation of the leather scabbard (a material that generally disintegrates quickly over time) and some of its decoration. The Roman Sword is the third Roman Sword found in Jerusalem.

Weapons of the Roman Army

The Roman Gladius is one of the most iconic weapons in history, renowned for its efficiency, versatility, and crucial role in the expansion of the Roman Empire. With its distinctive design, this short sword played a pivotal role in shaping the destiny of Rome.


Over time, several variations of the Gladius emerged to suit different combat scenarios. Notable types include the Mainz Gladius, the Pompeii Gladius, and the Fulham Gladius, each with distinct blade shapes and lengths.

The Decline:

As the Roman Empire evolved, so did its military tactics and weaponry. The Gladius gradually gave way to longer swords and more advanced weapons. By the 3rd century CE, the Gladius had largely fallen out of use.


The Roman Gladius remains an enduring symbol of Roman martial prowess and engineering excellence. Its influence on sword design and its integral role in the rise of the Roman Empire continues to be subjects of fascination for historians, enthusiasts, and those captivated by the enduring legacy of ancient Rome.


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


Kebara 2 Skeleton

In this post, we delve into the significance of the Kebara 2 skeleton, shedding light on its discovery, its importance to paleoanthropology.

Ecce Homo Arch

The Ecce Homo Arch is a significant landmark in Jerusalem. This arch is a part of the Via Dolorosa, Jesus walked before his crucifixion.

Church of the Seat of Mary

The Church of the Seat of Mary stands as a beacon of faith and devotion. Also known as the Kathisma Church or Church of St. ...

Judaea Capta Coin

The "Judaea Capta" coins are ancient Roman coins minted to commemorate the Roman victory in the Jewish War of 66-70 CE.

William Matthew Flinders Petrie

Petrie is the First Biblical Archaeologist. Petrie became the first in Palestine to excavate according to the methodology of stratigraphy.

The Neolithic Period

In this post, we delve into the Neolithic period in Israel and explore its transformative impact on human civilization.

The Theater at Caesarea Maritima

The theater in Caesarea Maritima is one of the most ancient and magnificent Roman theaters discovered in the Holy Land. Click here for more!

Beit Shean in the Bible

Beit Shean in the Bible is mentioned in the Book of Judges where King Saul's body was hung by the Philistines. It a known Tel ...

The Yarmukian Culture

The Yarmukian culture flourished in the Levant during the Neolithic period, leaving behind a rich archaeological legacy.

Dead Sea Scrolls

The Dead Sea Scrolls (also the Qumran Caves Scrolls) are ancient Jewish religious manuscripts that were found in the Qumran Caves in the Judaean Desert, ...

Need help?

Skip to content