Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

Pool of Siloam

The Pool of Siloam refers to a rock-cut pool on the southern slope of the City of David considered by archaeologists to be the original site of Jerusalem; located outside the walls of the Old City to the southeast. The pool was fed by the waters of the Gihon Spring, carried there by the Siloam Tunnel.

During the Second Temple period, the Pool of Siloam was centrally located in the area known as the Lower City. Today, the Pool of Siloam is the lowest place in altitude within the historical city of Jerusalem. The ascent from it unto the Temple Mount meant a gain of 115 meters (377 ft) According to the Jerusalem Talmud the Pool of Siloam was the starting point for pilgrims who made the annual pilgrimage to Jerusalem; and where they ascended by foot to the inner court of the Temple Mount to bring their sacrificial offerings.

The pool of Siloam During the Time of King Hezekiah 

The Pool of Siloam was built during the reign of Hezekiah (715–687/6 BCE); to leave besieging armies without access to the spring’s waters. The pool was fed by the newly constructed Siloam tunnel. An older Canaanite tunnel had been very vulnerable to attackers, so, under threat from the Assyrian king Sennacherib; Hezekiah sealed up the old outlet of the Gihon Spring and built the new underground Siloam tunnel in place of the older tunnel (2 Chronicles 32:2–4).

The pool of Siloam: Second Temple Period

The pool was reconstructed no earlier than the reign of Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BCE); although it is not clear whether this pool was in the same location as the earlier pool built by Hezekiah — if so, all traces of the earlier construction have been destroyed. The pool remained in use during the time of Jesus. According to the Gospel of John; Jesus sent “a man blind from birth” to the pool in order to complete his healing. 

As a freshwater reservoir, the pool would have been a major gathering place for ancient Jews making religious pilgrimages to the city. Some scholars, influenced by Jesus commanding the blind man to wash in the pool; suggest that it was probably used as a mikvah (ritual bath). However, mikvahs are usually much smaller in size; and if the pool were a mikvah, it would be the largest ever found by a substantial margin. 

The pool was destroyed and covered after the First Jewish–Roman War in the year 70. Dating was indicated by a number of coins discovered on the stones of the patio near the pool to the north, all from the days of the Great Revolt. The latest coin is dated with “4 years to the day of the Great Revolt”, meaning the year 69. In the years following the destruction, winter rains washed alluvium from the hills down to the valley and down the slopes of Mount Zion to the west of the pool; the pool was filled with silt layers (up to 4 m in some places) until it was covered completely.

 

 

 

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Touring Holy Jerusalem

RELATED POSTS

Western Wall

The Western Wall, Also known as the Wailing Wall, often shortened to 'The Kotel' is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Eye of Providence

Now, what is the eye of providence? First I am sure you saw this symbol. I'm referring to the eye there on top of the pyramid. But what is it?

The Last Hours of Jesus

This post is about the last hours of Jesus in Gethsemane, in other words, the beginning of the Passion of Christ in Jerusalem.

Church of Saint John the Baptist

The Church of Saint John the Baptist in the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem is a small church that goes back to the Byzantine period.

Touring Holy Jerusalem

Welcome to the Holy Land! In this tour, we will be touring Holy Jerusalem! The Land of Milk & Honey! Our private tour of Israel ...

Church of Saint Anne

The Church of Saint Anne in Jerusalem marks, according to Christian tradition, is the birthplace of Mary the Mother of Jesus.

Damascus Gate

Damascus Gate is one of the main Gates of the Old City of Jerusalem. It is located in the wall on the city's northwest side.

Hurva Synagogue

The Hurva Synagogue, also known as Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid, is a historic synagogue located in the Jewish Quarter in Old Town Jerusalem

The Armageddon 

According to the Book of Revelation in the New Testament; the Armageddon (from Hebrew: Har Megiddo) is the prophesied location of a gathering of armies ...

Al-Aqsa Mosque

The Al-Aqsa Mosque is the third holiest site for Muslims. It's located just next to the Golden Dome on Temple Mount makes it a must-see site!