Close this search box.

Kuntillet Ajrud Inscriptions

Holy Land Revealed

The Kuntillet Ajrud inscriptions are a series of inscriptions found at Kuntillet Ajrud. Around 3,000 years ago, for a short time, it was an Israelite outpost and small way station constructed by King Solomon in the 10th century near the road leading from the coast of Philistia to the Gulf of Eilat. Kuntillet Ajrud, meaning “the isolated hill of the water sources,” got its name from the wells at the foot of the hill. The remote settlement was found in 1975 by the archaeologist Ze’ev Meshel of the University of Tel Aviv.

Kuntillet Ajrud Inscriptions

A Mysterious Site

The Kuntillet Ajrud Inscriptions were found in two significant buildings preserved at Kuntillet Ajrud. The largest one contained inscriptions—of early Hebrew and Phoenician writings—and paintings on the walls, door posts, pottery, stone jars, and innumerable drawings of men, animals, and gods. Interestingly, in addition to Yahweh (the God of the Bible) being mentioned in the inscriptions, the Canaanite gods, El and Baal, were also worshipped. Only later, Baal was ‘transformed’ into a demon and considered evil in the scriptures.

Scholars have debated that Kuntillet Ajrud was used as a fortress. However, the actual nature and function of the place are not explicit. Various remains, including the inscriptions, suggest it also served as a religious center.

Kuntillet Ajrud Inscriptions

The inscriptions include a drawing of two figures, possibly God and Asherah, and one resembling the Egyptian god Bes, a collective name for a group of dwarf deities.

Another inscription found on the walls says the following:

“When God shines forth … Yahweh … The mountains will melt, the hills will crush … The Holy One over the gods … Prepare to bless Ba‘al on a day of war … to the name of El on a day of the war.”

Kuntillet Ajrud has baffled archaeologists—especially biblical archaeologists for decades due to the complexity of early Israelite worship and the mixing of the god of the Bible with many different deities. These deities show a different ‘face’ of the god and a gradual movement towards monotheistic worship without any other ‘interferences.’ The controversial inscriptions at Kuntillet Ajrud serve to shake the foundations of monotheism.


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


Hezekiah’s Tunnel

Welcome to Hezekiah’s Tunnel, an extraordinary feat of engineering and an archaeological marvel that allows us to relive the ingenuity of Jerusalem’s inhabitants. Join us ...

How Does an Archaeological Tel Is Formed?

So what are archaeological Tels like Megiddo? How are they formed exactly? In this post, I will try and answer these questions, and much more! trying ...

Arad Ostraca

The Arad ostraca, also known as the Eliashib Archive, is a collection of ancient Hebrew inscriptions discovered in 1965 by archaeologists.

Terra Sigillata Pottery

Terra Sigillata pottery was found in Jerusalem in private homes. These homes belonged to the upper social class of 2nd Temple Jerusalem.

Edward Robinson

Edward Robinson's travels and archaeological investigations played a crucial role in identifying and documenting biblical sites.

Theodotos Inscription

The Theodotos Inscription is not merely a stone etching; it is a bridge connecting us to the people and beliefs of an ancient world.

Roman Wall Paintings Styles

Roman wall painting styles are seen all over the Holy Land. This is especially true when you visit King Herod’s Palaces and Jewish homes dated ...

Abydos Ware

Abydos ware is a pottery group from the beginning of the 3rd millennium BCE. Vessels like these were found on sites in Canaan in the ...

Siloam Inscription

Join us as we delve into the significance of the Siloam Inscription and its role in unlocking the stories of Jerusalem's past.

Top 10 Archaeological Sites in Israel

Which are the top 10 archaeological sites in Israel? Here is a short list of the must-see archeological sites in the Holy Land!

Need help?

Skip to content