Close this search box.

Rock Hyrax

The Fauna of the Land

The rock hyrax, also known as the rock badger or coney, is a fascinating and unique mammal found throughout the Middle East, including in the land of Israel. This small, furry creature is often mistaken for a rodent, but it is more closely related to elephants and manatees.

So Rock hyraxes can be found in various habitats, including rocky hillsides, savannas, and deserts. They are widespread in the rocky areas of the Judean Mountains and the Negev Desert in Israel, where they can be seen sunning themselves on boulders and cliffs. The rock hyrax is a social animal living in colonies of up to 50 individuals.

Rock Hyrax
In This Photo: The Rock Hyrax As Spotted in Ein Gedi Nature Reserve

Furthermore, they communicate with one another using a variety of vocalizations, including barks, grunts, and screams. They also use scent to mark their territory and communicate with other colony members. Rock hyraxes are herbivores, feeding on various plants, including leaves, flowers, and bark.

In addition, they are well-adapted to their rocky habitats, with rough pads on their feet that allow them to grip steep surfaces and long, curved claws that help them climb. In Israel, the rock hyrax is unique in Jewish tradition and folklore. The Talmud, a central text of Judaism, describes the rock hyrax as a symbol of righteousness due to its habit of living in peace with others and its diligent work ethic.

In This Photo: Rock Hyrax Spotted on the Shores of the Sea of Galilee

Rock Hyrax Play An Essential Role in Their Ecosystem

Despite their small size and unassuming appearance, rock hyraxes play an essential role in their ecosystem, providing food for predators such as eagles and jackals and contributing to soil health through their droppings. However, the rock hyrax also faces threats in Israel, including habitat destruction and hunting. In recent years, there has been a growing concern about the impact of urban development on the rock hyrax population, as their rocky habitats are often destroyed or fragmented by construction projects.

In Conclusion: Efforts are underway to protect the rock hyrax and its habitat in Israel, including creating nature reserves and enforcing laws against hunting and poaching. With continued conservation efforts, this unique and beloved animal will hopefully continue to thrive in Israel’s rocky hills and deserts for generations to come.


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


The Griffon Vulture

Amidst the ancient landscapes of the Holy Land, the majestic Griffon Vulture soars as a symbol of nature’s intricate balance and the profound ties between ...

The Camels

The Camel have been essential companions to humans for ages, serving as a lifeline in some of the world's most inhospitable environments.

Syrian Brown Bear

The Syrian Brown Bear was commonly spread all over the Land of Israel in the last 250,000 years. Sadly now extinct since the 20th century.

Balkan Pond Turtle

In Israel. The Balkan pond turtle can be found in the country's wetlands, rivers, and other freshwater habitats.

Arabian Wolf

The Arabian wolf is a fascinating and essential predator that plays a vital role in the ecosystems of Israel and the surrounding region.

Nubian Ibex

The Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana) is a desert-dwelling goat species found in mountainous areas like the Judaean Desert and the Negev. The wild population is ...

Animals Living in Sand Dunes

Animals living in sand dunes need a great effort to survive because each step is becoming a problem. Apart from the heat and dry conditions.

Nile SoftShell Turtle

The softshell Nile turtle, also known as the African softshell turtle, is a species of freshwater turtle that can be found in parts of Israel

Wildlife In The Arava Valley

In this post, we would get to know a little about the wildlife in the Arava Valley. Even Though the Arava is arid and there ...

The Hoopoe in Israel

The hoopoe was chosen as the national bird of Israel in May 2008 in conjunction with the country’s 60th anniversary; following a national survey of 155,000 ...

Need help?

Skip to content