Pharaoh In Canaan

The Untold Story: Periodization

This post is about Pharaoh In Canaan. But before we will plunge in. What does it mean the name “Canaan”? So the name is actually derived from the Bible and from ancient Egyptian and Near Eastern records; generally refers to the region of present-day Israel; western Jordan; Lebanon, and coastal and southern Syria. And is more or less equivalent to the modern term “Levant”. Moreover, ancient texts from the region indicate that its population was of Semitic origin.

In fact, the earliest mention of Canaan and Canaanites dates from the eighteenth century BCE. But the terms are now often applied to the region and its population in relation to earlier periods as well. Also, the relations between Canaan and Egypt; its southwestern neighbor; are attested by textual evidence and archaeological remains; dating as far back as the fourth millennium BCE. Of course, these relations were determined by political developments in both regions and thus were continually changing.

Now the geography of the land of Egypt; with its natural division into the narrow strip of the Nile Valley in the south and the broad Nile Delta in the north (Upper and Lower Egypt respectively); that influenced the long history of pharaonic Egypt. Which historically began with the unification of the two regions under one rule in ca. 3150 BCE. Additionally, ancient Egyptian civilization experienced periods of strength when upper and lower Egypt were united, which were punctuated by intermediate periods when the central rule disintegrated and the land was divided, with different dynamic dynasties ruling from the north and from and the south. 

Pharaoh In Canaan: The Division to Periods in Egyptian History

The periods of strength that began with the unification of Egypt included the early dynastic period (ca.3150-2685 BCE); the Old Kingdom, which was the age of the great pyramids (ca. 2685-2180 BCE); the Middle Kingdom, considered the classical period of Egyptian literature (ca.2040-1700 BCE); and the New Kingdom, the most glorious period of pharaonic history. When the Egyptian Empire ruled over Canaan in the north and Nubia in the south (ca. 1540-1070 BCE).

Last, the final period of unity before the conquest of Alexander the Great was the Late Period (ca. 664-332 BCE); which witnessed a short renaissance; but did not achieve the glories of earlier periods. Between there are the intermediate periods: First,  the First Intermediate Period between the Old and Middle Kingdom (ca. 2180-2040 BCE). After that there is the Second Intermediate Period; which is between the Middle and New Kingdoms (ca. 1700-1540 BCE). And last the Third Intermediate Period between the New Kingdom and the Late Period (ca. 1070-664 BCE). 

In Tel Beit Shean National Park and in Tel Megiddo remains of Egyptian presence were found. 


Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


Roman Sword Unearthed

In the City of David, a Roman Sword was found in the excavations by Archaeologists. The Sword is known as Gladius and dated to the Jewish Revolt.

Megiddo and Beit Shean Archaeological Tour

Tel Megiddo and Tel Beit Shean are two archaeological tells that anyone that digs archaeology should visit! one is even a World Heritage Site!

Madaba Map

The Madaba Map contains the oldest surviving original cartographic depiction of the Holy Land, especially Jerusalem. Want to know more?

Schumacher’s Excavations at Megiddo

Schumacher's Excavations were the very first conducted at Tel Megiddo. Among his finds was a seal from the time of King Jeroboam.

Amud Cave

Amud Cave is located in Nahal Amud; close to the rock pillar after which the stream is named. The cave was excavated by a Japanese ...

Edward Robinson

Edward Robinson is the Father of Biblical Archeology. He is the first archeologist in the Holy Land that conducted excavations like a scholar

The Broad Wall

The Broad Wall is an ancient defensive wall in the Old City of Jerusalem's Jewish Quarter. Dated to the reign of King Hezekiah.

Amarna Letters

The Amarna letters are an archive, written on clay tablets, primarily consisting of diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and ...

What Is Continuity of Cult?

What Is Continuity of Cult? Well, this is a very important idea in Archaeology that when touring the Holy Land you should know more in-depth!

Egyptian Execration Texts

Execration texts are ancient Egyptian hieratic texts, the listing of enemies of the Pharaoh. Often enemies of the Egyptian state.