Abydos Ware

Archeology in Israel

So Abydos pottery ware is a unique pottery group from the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC. Now the group mainly includes jugs; juglets and jars. Artifacts from these vessels were found on sites in Canaan in Early Bronze Age II and III. Also, they were found in archaeological strata in Egypt in sites dated to the First Dynasty. Moreover finds from these types of pottery were also found on Syrian sites. The name of the pottery ware is taken from the archaeological site Abidus; where they were first found in Upper Egypt. The tools serve as a way to relatively date an archaeological site for this period on the archaeological sites in Canaan. The family of tools does not exist at another time; and finding it at an archaeological site is an indication of the strata belonging to this family’s tools.

Abydos Ware: The Tomb of King Djer

The vessels were first discovered in tombs of kings and ministers of the first dynasty. The excavators at the site already recognized during the excavations that the pottery ware was not from Egypt. These artifacts were used by the ruling class in Egypt and they were placed inside the rulers’ tombs to be used after death. The “Abydos” ware began to appear in ceramic assemblages during the reign of the Egyptian Pharaoh Djer; the third king of the first dynasty (2900/2950 BC).

The researchers’ hypothesis about the country of origin of the tools is that they were manufactured in Canaan. Chemical tests of the composition of the tin from which the pottery found in Egypt and Canaan were produced indicate almost complete identity. Also, tools from this family were found in various parts of Canaan. For example, Tel Arad is an important site for this family of tools. These tools were completely absent from Stratum IV (Early Bronze Age A) in Arad; which is the first stratum to establish the city; while Stratum III, which belongs to Early Bronze Age II, the period when Arad became a city, found many tools of this family. In addition, the tools were found in Tel Lachish; Tel Gezer; Tel Al-Far’a (North), Tel Megiddo; Beth Yerah; Tel Beit Shean, and Tel Jericho.


Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


The Cultic Area in Caesarea

The Cultic Area in Caesarea has been a vibrant area in the port city of Caesarea Maritima since its establishment 2,000 years ago.

The Templars’ Tunnel

The Templars' Tunnel is a concealed, centuries-old passage between a former Knights Templars fortress & the nearby Ancient Port of Acre

Yigal Shiloh Excavations

Yigal Shiloh excavations In the 1970s found early Israelite houses dating to the 8th-7th century B.C.E sitting on top of the lower part of a ...


Bullae are little lumps of clay that were used as sealings in antiquity. gradually Bullae became the new encasement for scrolls.

Amarna Letters

The Amarna letters are an archive, written on clay tablets, primarily consisting of diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and ...

The Cardo

The Cardo was the main street in Old Jerusalem during the Roman and Byzantine periods, passing from the Damascus Gate to the Dung Gate.

Tel Dan Stele

So the Tel Dan Stele is a fragmentary stele containing a Canaanite inscription, discovered in 1993 in Tel Dan by Gila Cook; a member of ...

New Church of the Theotokos

The New Church of the Theotokos (The Nea Church) was a Byzantine church erected in Jerusalem by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.

Amud Cave

Amud Cave is located in Nahal Amud; close to the rock pillar after which the stream is named. The cave was excavated by a Japanese ...

What Is Continuity of Cult?

What Is Continuity of Cult? Well, this is a very important idea in Archaeology that when touring the Holy Land you should know more in-depth!

Need help?

Skip to content