Amud Cave

Holy Land Revealed

Amud Cave is a limestone cave located in the Upper Galilee region. The cave is renowned for its archaeological significance and its rich history that spans tens of thousands of years.

The Reason for the Name of the Cave is Due To This Pillar (Amud in Hebrew) Next to it!

Amud Cave was first discovered in 1925 by archaeologist Dorothy Garrod. Various teams of archaeologists later carried out excavations in the cave, and several important discoveries were made. The earliest evidence of human presence in the cave dates back to the Paleolithic period, with evidence of continuous human occupation from the Middle Paleolithic period to the Neolithic period.

Amud 1 Is a Nearly Complete but Poorly Preserved Adult Southwest Asian Neanderthal Skeleton Thought to Be About 55,000 Years Old. It Was Discovered at Amud.
Ryan Somma from Occoquan, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

One of the most significant discoveries made in Amud Cave was the skeleton of a Neanderthal man, which was found in 1961. The skeleton was dated to approximately 50,000 years ago and was one of the most complete Neanderthal skeletons ever found. The skeleton was named Amud 1 after the cave in which it was found.

Amud Stream Nature Reserve

In addition to the Neanderthal skeleton, numerous other artifacts and animal bones were found in the cave, including tools made of stone, bone, and antlers, as well as the remains of various animals, such as deer, gazelles, and hyenas.

The Prehistoric Man Museum
The Prehistoric Man Museum
Credit: The Prehistoric Man Museum

The cave’s most prominent feature is a large stalagmite pillar that rises from the cave’s floor to the ceiling. The pillar stands over 7 meters tall and is one of the largest stalagmites in the world. The pillar is estimated to be over 300,000 years old and has fascinated visitors to the cave for many years.

Nahal Mea'rot Nature Reserve
Nahal-Mearot Nature Reserve
Another Important Prehistoric Site

Today, Amud Cave is open to visitors and offers a glimpse into the region’s fascinating history and its early inhabitants. The Israel Nature and Parks Authority manage the cave and is a popular destination for tourists and archaeology enthusiasts.


Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history.

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Nahal Kziv Nature Reserve


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