Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

The Political System of Canaan

In contrast to the political structure of pharaonic Egypt; which was based, ideally, on the concept of a single unified kingdom. On the other hand. the political system of Canaan revolved around individual city-states; each with its own ruler. Now the city-state system was established ca. 2950/2900 BCE, with the urbanization of the region in the Early Bronze Age; and it continued until the end of the second millennium BCE.

As in Egypt, the political system of Canaan saw periods of strength during which the urban centers flourished. But also periods of demise during which the states experienced decline and destruction. The precise terminology; characterization; and absolute chronology of these periods are not as clear as in Egypt.

During periods of unity and strength; Egypt determined the nature of its relation with Canaan in accordance with its own needs. However, when the central rule in Egypt disintegrated; controls of its border weakened. And, as archaeological and textual records from the First and Second Intermediate Periods indicate, large-scale infiltration of foreigners from Canaan into the eastern Delta took place.

Nevertheless, pharaonic Egypt clearly remained the major political power in the region, and Canaanites, whether in their homeland or as settlers in Egypt, continued to hold Egyptian culture in high esteem, adopting Egyptian cultural traits that they deemed prestigious. At the same time, textual and archaeological evidence also shows Canaan’s cultural influence on Egypt.

First Contacts With Canaan

In fact, Egypt’s earliest organized contacts with Canaan were associated with the importation of luxury goods sought by the rising Egyptian elite around the time of the unification of Egypt in the late fourth millennium BCE. It was at that time that cultural interaction between the two regions commenced. Gradually increasing over the course of the third and the second millennia BCE and varying to a great extent in accordance with political developments in both regions. Similarly, there were considerable differences between Egypt’s relations with southern Canaan, namely, the area of present-day Israel. And its relations with northern Canaan, the region of Lebanon, and southern Syria.

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

Sarona Colony

Another great reason to come and check out Sarona Market is the Sarona Colony which is now a trendy commercial area called Sarona Tel Aviv. ...

Melisende Queen of Jerusalem

One of the famous figures during the Crusader Era was Melisende (1105 – 11 September 1161). She was Queen of Jerusalem from 1131 to 1153, ...

Acre Ancient Port

It is probable that the Acre ancient port and was first located at the mouth of the Naaman River south of Tel Acre, where the urban ...

Battle of Megiddo

This Battle of Megiddo is recorded as having taken place in 609 BCE when Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt led his army to Carchemish (northern Syria) to join with his allies; ...

The Battle of Megiddo

The Battle of Megiddo, fought 15th century BCE, was between the Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III and a large rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states led by the king ...

Emperor Titus

Before becoming Emperor; Titus gained renown as a military commander; serving under his father in Judea during the First Jewish–Roman War.

The Zealots

The Zealots were a political movement in 1st-century Second Temple Judaism that sought to incite the Jews to rebel against the Romans.

The First Jewish Roman War

The First Jewish Roman War (66–73 CE), was the first of three major revolts by the Jews against the Romans. Read all about it in this post!

Siege of Masada

The siege of Masada was one of the final events in the Jewish Roman War occurring on 73 CE on a large hilltop at the Judean Desert, Dead Sea.

Flavius Josephus

Titus Flavius Josephus born as Yosef Ben Matityahu was a first-century Romano-Jewish historian who was born in Jerusalem; then part of Roman Judea; to a father of priestly descent and a ...