Straton's Tower

The Precursor of Caesarea

Straton’s Tower was the Hellenistic city the preceded Caesarea. The Phoenician city, Stratonos Pyrgos (English: Straton’s Tower), is known largely because Herod the Great built Caesarea Maritima on its ruins. But still, the city became quite an enigma in the history of Palestine. Presumably, it was founded by Straton I, King of Sidon, who reigned from 376-361 BCE.

The Myth Regarding the Founding of the City

Also, the founding of the city may be represented on a cup now in the Louvre. The cup, acquired by the Louvre in the 1960s is of a technique and style associated with the 4th century CE. Moreover, the subjects are grouped in several scenes. Which three of them concern a certain Straton. First, there is a consultation with an oracle of Apollo. Second, a maritime expedition. And a dexiosis between Straton and Asklepios. In addition, there is a divine figure that seems to be the well-known Tyche of Caesarea.  Thus the cup blends the founding of the Greek city of Straton’s Tower with that of Roman Caesarea. And making Straton the founder of the latter city.

First Historical Records of Straton’s Tower

Straton’s Tower was probably an agricultural storehouse. The earliest citation of Straton’s Tower is on a papyrus of the 3rd-century BCE., which records a visit by the Ptolemaic agent Zenon. The next mention is a passing reference by the geographer Artemidorus of Ephesus (ca. 100 BCE), quoted by Stephanus of Byzantium (in his entry for “Doros”). Lastly,  was in the late 1st-century BCE., Strabon (16.2.27) noted that Straton’s Tower had an anchorage. The remaining citations are from the Roman period, well after Straton’s Tower had been replaced by Caesarea.

Josephus mentioned the earlier town several times in the context of events of Hellenistic Palestine, noting the rise of the local tyrant Zoilos in the 2nd-century BCE.; the subsequent incorporation of the town into the territory of Alexander Jannaeus; the freeing of the city by Pompey in 63 BCE.; its presentation to Herod by Octavian after Actium. And Herod’s founding of Caesarea at the site. But in the time of Herod, the city was in a state of decay, perhaps because of an Earthquake in 31 BCE.

Archaeological Remains

The town’s name suggests that a tower was a prominent feature. Therefore, attempts to identify Hellenistic period remains have focused on a round tower that is incorporated into the later Herodian city wall on the north side of Caesarea. The fact that the tower round suggests an early date to some archaeologists. But most consider the tower dated to the 1st century BCE. Also, Hellenistic jar-burial dating to the Hellenistic period was found under Herod’s palace. Excavations of a Roman synagogue revealed at lower levels “a large house […] covered by a considerable accumulation of Hellenistic pottery characteristic of the third and second centuries BCE.”

Later Historical Citings

Despite the absorption of Straton’s Tower by Caesarea, the name of the Hellenistic city survived well after its demise. Josephus, writing a century later, occasionally called Herod’s city “Straton’s Tower” with no reference to the Roman name. Pliny the Elder, writing a century and a half after the founding of Caesarea called the city “Straton’s Tower, the same as Caesarea”. Also the geographer Ptolemy, somewhat later, called it Straton’s Caesarea.


Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


Provincia Iudaea

Provincia Iudaea was a Roman province immediately after King Herod's death. It was formed out of the territories of the Herodian kingdom.

Templers (Pietist sect)

This is very interesting story

The Opening Note of the 1948 War 

What was the Opening Note of the 1948 War? So The Arab decides to attack for the very first time a day after the United ...

The Crusades

The Crusades were religious wars during the medieval period with the objective of recovering the Holy Land from Islamic rule.

The Six-Day War

In the Six Day War Israel defeated once more its rivals and ended with a great victory. And yet, till today it's the source of its problems.

Valley of Tears Battle

The Valley of Tears Battle is a major battle in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. It was one of the heroic battles during the Yom Kippur War.

Nili Underground

Nili Underground was a Jewish espionage network that fought for freedom. Nili helped the UK fight against the Ottomans during World War I.

1936-1939 Arab Revolt in Palestine

The 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine, was a nationalist uprising by Palestinian Arabs in Mandatory Palestine against the British administration of the Palestine Mandate. Furthermore,  ...

The Roman Period in the Holy Land

The Roman Period in the Holy Land had left a strong mark in Israel's chronicles. Almost on every archaeological site, there are Roman remains

The Haganah

The Haganah, the 'father' of the Israel Defense Forces. The organization that gave the victory to the young State of Israel in 1948

Need help?