Straton's Tower

The Precursor of Caesarea

Straton’s Tower was the Hellenistic city the preceded Caesarea. The Phoenician city, Stratonos Pyrgos (English: Straton’s Tower), is known largely because Herod the Great built Caesarea Maritima on its ruins. But still, the city became quite an enigma in the history of Palestine. Presumably, it was founded by Straton I, King of Sidon, who reigned from 376-361 BCE.



The Myth Regarding the Founding of the City

Also, the founding of the city may be represented on a cup now in the Louvre. The cup, acquired by the Louvre in the 1960s is of a technique and style associated with the 4th century CE. Moreover, the subjects are grouped in several scenes. Which three of them concern a certain Straton. First, there is a consultation with an oracle of Apollo. Second, a maritime expedition. And a dexiosis between Straton and Asklepios. In addition, there is a divine figure that seems to be the well-known Tyche of Caesarea.  Thus the cup blends the founding of the Greek city of Straton’s Tower with that of Roman Caesarea. And making Straton the founder of the latter city.

First Historical Records of Straton’s Tower

Straton’s Tower was probably an agricultural storehouse. The earliest citation of Straton’s Tower is on a papyrus of the 3rd-century BCE., which records a visit by the Ptolemaic agent Zenon. The next mention is a passing reference by the geographer Artemidorus of Ephesus (ca. 100 BCE), quoted by Stephanus of Byzantium (in his entry for “Doros”). Lastly,  was in the late 1st-century BCE., Strabon (16.2.27) noted that Straton’s Tower had an anchorage. The remaining citations are from the Roman period, well after Straton’s Tower had been replaced by Caesarea.

Josephus mentioned the earlier town several times in the context of events of Hellenistic Palestine, noting the rise of the local tyrant Zoilos in the 2nd-century BCE.; the subsequent incorporation of the town into the territory of Alexander Jannaeus; the freeing of the city by Pompey in 63 BCE.; its presentation to Herod by Octavian after Actium. And Herod’s founding of Caesarea at the site. But in the time of Herod, the city was in a state of decay, perhaps because of an Earthquake in 31 BCE.

Archaeological Remains

The town’s name suggests that a tower was a prominent feature. Therefore, attempts to identify Hellenistic period remains have focused on a round tower that is incorporated into the later Herodian city wall on the north side of Caesarea. The fact that the tower round suggests an early date to some archaeologists. But most consider the tower dated to the 1st century BCE. Also, Hellenistic jar-burial dating to the Hellenistic period was found under Herod’s palace. Excavations of a Roman synagogue revealed at lower levels “a large house […] covered by a considerable accumulation of Hellenistic pottery characteristic of the third and second centuries BCE.”

Later Historical Citings

Despite the absorption of Straton’s Tower by Caesarea, the name of the Hellenistic city survived well after its demise. Josephus, writing a century later, occasionally called Herod’s city “Straton’s Tower” with no reference to the Roman name. Pliny the Elder, writing a century and a half after the founding of Caesarea called the city “Straton’s Tower, the same as Caesarea”. Also the geographer Ptolemy, somewhat later, called it Straton’s Caesarea.

apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

The Pre-IDF Brigades: Haganah, Irgun, and Lehi

This is very interesting story

Templers (Pietist sect)

This is very interesting story

Provincia Iudaea

Provincia Iudaea was a Roman province immediately after King Herod's death. It was formed out of the territories of the Herodian kingdom.

The Creation of the Nabataean Kingdom

The Creation of the Nabataean Kingdom is an amazing story in the chronicles of the Land of Israel. This post is about the Nabataean Arabs.

The Roman Period in the Holy Land

The Roman Period in the Holy Land had left a strong mark in Israel's chronicles. Almost on every archaeological site, there are Roman remains

Geshur

Geshur was a territory in the ancient Levant. There is little historical information we have about Geshur; and most of it is mentioned in the ...

Yitzhak Rabin Memorial

So whenever I am on a private tour of Tel Aviv I talk about Yitzhak Rabin Memorial. In fact, the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin took ...

Nebi Yusha Fort

Nebi Yusha Fort is a place that inspires the emotions of pain, for the price paid for independence, worth visiting if you are in the area.

Hashomer

Hashomer (literally means “The Watchman”) was a Jewish defense organization in Palestine founded in April 1909. Moreover, it was an outgrowth of the Bar-Giora group ...

Acre Ancient Port 

Acre ancient port was first mentioned as a port city in a certificate from the city of Ugarit in the 14th century BCE.

Need help?

Skip to content