Close this search box.

Origins of the Middle East Conflict

Holy Land Revealed

The Middle East, often called the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, is a multifaceted and longstanding dispute with deep roots. In this post, we’ll delve into the complex origins of this conflict, which has had profound implications for the region and the world.

The Historical Backdrop

To understand the origins of the Middle East conflict, we must first consider the historical context. The region known as Palestine, which includes present-day Israel and the Palestinian territories, has been inhabited for millennia by various groups, including Jews, Arabs, and other ethnic and religious communities.

Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Origins of the Middle East Conflict – The Zionist Movement

The late 19th and early 20th centuries witnessed the emergence of the Zionist movement, which aimed to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. This movement responded to the persecution and anti-Semitism experienced by Jewish communities in Europe.

British Mandate and the Balfour Declaration

After World War I, the League of Nations granted Britain a mandate to govern Palestine. 1917, the Balfour Declaration expressed British support for establishing a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine. This declaration set the stage for future tensions.

Balfour Declaration

Origins of the Middle East Conflict – Arab Resistance

The Zionist project was met with resistance from the Arab population in Palestine. Arab leaders were concerned about the potential consequences of large-scale Jewish immigration and establishing a Jewish state on land they considered historically Arab.

1947 UN Partition Plan

As tensions escalated, the United Nations proposed a partition plan in 1947 that aimed to divide Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states, with Jerusalem under international administration. The plan was accepted by Jewish leaders but rejected by Arab states.

1947 UN Partition Plan

War and Creation of Israel

1948, the State of Israel was declared, leading to a war between Israel and neighboring Arab states. The conflict resulted in significant displacement of Palestinian Arabs.

The Palestinian Refugee Issue

The creation of Israel led to the Palestinian refugee issue, as hundreds of thousands of Palestinians were displaced from their homes. This issue remains a central point of contention in the conflict.

The Six-Day War

The Six-Day War of 1967 further complicated the conflict. Israel’s victory in this war led to the occupation of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem, central to the conflict’s current dynamics.

Peace Process and Ongoing Tensions

Efforts to resolve the conflict peacefully have been ongoing for decades, with various peace agreements and negotiations. However, many of these efforts have faced challenges related to borders, settlements, security, and the status of Jerusalem.


The origins of the Middle East conflict are deeply rooted in historical, political, and religious factors. The complex interplay of these elements has contributed to the ongoing tensions and challenges in the region. Understanding the historical context is crucial for anyone seeking to grasp the complexities of this multifaceted conflict and the efforts to find a lasting and just resolution.


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


Nebi Yusha Fort

Nebi Yusha Fort is a place that inspires the emotions of pain, for the price paid for independence, worth visiting if you are in the ...

The First Jewish Roman War

The First Jewish Roman War (66–73 CE), was the first of three major revolts by the Jews against the Romans. Read all about it in this post!

Third Crusade

The Third Crusade, which spanned from 1189 to 1192, was one of the most significant and dramatic campaigns of the medieval Crusades.

Emperor Titus

Before becoming Emperor; Titus gained renown as a military commander; serving under his father in Judea during the First Jewish–Roman War.

Via Maris

The Via Maris, (Way of the Sea) was an ancient trade route that ran along the coastal plain of the Israel, connecting Egypt to Mesopotamia

The First Aliyah

The First Aliyah, also known as the agriculture Aliyah, was a significant wave of Jewish immigration to Ottoman Syria between 1881 and 1903.

Netzer Acharon: Zippora (Feige) Jacobowitz

This post is about Zippora (Feige) Jacobowitz and her life story that was what we call Netzer Acharon. But what is Last Remnant (Netzer Acharon)? ...

The War of Attrition

This largely static war of attrition significantly impacted the region's political and military dynamics during the late 1960s.

Antonia Fortress

The Antonia Fortress, was built by King Herod the Great in the 1st century BCE as part of his extensive construction projects in the city.

Zengid dynasty

The Zengid dynasty rise to power can be traced to Imad ad-Din Zengi, who became the governor of Mosul in northern Mesopotamia in 1127.

Need help?

Skip to content