Mosque of Omar

Exploring Jerusalem

The Mosque of Omar is an Islamic place of worship located opposite the southern courtyard of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Muristan area of the Christian Quarter inside the Old City of Jerusalem. The Mosque of Omar is often confused with the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount. However, this far more modest mosque is not open to tourists and can be accessed only for praying.

Mosque of Omar

The Mosque of Omar was built in the 12th century on the site where Caliph Omar Ibn al-Khattab accepted the city’s surrender from the Byzantines following a brief siege in 638 CE. The base of the mosque contains some Crusader masonry and has a square, 15-meter-high minaret built in the 15th century. The minaret was renovated some 300 years later.

Mosque of Omar: Some Historical Faacts

According to local tradition, when the Siege of Jerusalem occurred in 637 by the Rashidun army under the command of Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, Patriarch Sophronius refused to surrender except to the Caliph Omar himself. 

After arriving in Jerusalem to accept the surrender, Caliph Omar approached the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Patriarch Sophronius invited the Caliph to pray inside the church, but Omar declined so as not to set a precedent and endanger the church’s status as a Christian site. Omar prayed on the steps outside the east side of the church outside instead.

Jerusalem Ultimate Guide
Mount of Olives Viewpoint
In This Photo: Mount of Olives View Point

The Mosque of Omar was later built at that site by the Ayyubid Sultan Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din in a shape to commemorate the prayer of the caliph Omar. After repeated destructive events that affected the Holy Sepulchre and Muslim mosques during the 11th and 12th centuries, the entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was moved from the east to the south of the church. 


Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Shiloh Excavations In The City Of David


Tomb of Joseph Arimathea

According to tradition, the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea is the traditional burial tomb where Joseph of Arimathea was buried.

Ammunition Hill Museum

Ammunition Hill is a memorial commemorating the Battle of Ammunition Hill. Now there is a nice museum and you can walk the actual trenches.

Mount Carmel National Park

Mount Carmel National Park in Israel is the largest national park in the country! Rich with Flora and Fauna, a marvelous time is guaranteed!

Mikveh Israel

Mikveh Israel was founded in 1870 by Charles Netter, as an agricultural school to teach a new way of life to the future Jewish farmers.

Steinhardt Museum of Natural History

The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History is one of the best natural history museums in the Middle East! If you're in TLV you have to ...

Park HaTachana

Park HaTachana, in Tel Aviv, is a unique and charming open-air shopping and entertainment complex that has become a popular destination.

Jewish Quarter Tour

In my Jewish Quarter Tour, we would explore the Jewish Quarter and the City of David. Two important locations for any Jew exploring Israel.

Tel Hai Monument

The Tel Hai Monument is a Jewish national monument in Upper Galilee commemorates the deaths of eight Jews who fell in the Battle of Tel ...

Mea Shearim

Mea Shearim is one of the oldest Jewish neighborhoods in Jerusalem. Home today to the ultra-orthodox Haredim Jews, let's visit them!

King’s Castle (Chateau du Roi)

King’s Castle also known as Chateau du Roi, is a Crusader fortress of the Castrum type located in the village of Mi’ilya in the Upper ...

Need help?