Close this search box.

Edward Robinson

Israel Unearthed

Edward Robinson was a pioneering American biblical scholar and explorer who significantly contributed to exploring and understanding Palestine during the 19th century. His extensive travels and archaeological investigations played a crucial role in identifying and documenting biblical sites and landmarks. Here are some key aspects of Edward Robinson’s explorations of Palestine:

Edward Robinson

Early Life and Education:

Edward Robinson was born on April 10, 1794, in Southington, Connecticut, USA. He studied theology and biblical languages at Hamilton College and Andover Theological Seminary, where he developed a strong interest in biblical geography and archaeology.

Travels in Palestine:

Robinson embarked on a series of journeys to the Holy Land between 1838 and 1856. His travels were extensive and covered various regions of Palestine, including Jerusalem, the West Bank, Galilee, and the Negev Desert.

Davidson Center
Robinson’s Arch. Edward Robinson Discovered in 1838.

Topographical and Archaeological Research:

Robinson’s primary objective was identifying and locating biblical sites mentioned in the Old and New Testaments. He meticulously documented geographical features, ancient ruins, and landmarks, comparing them to biblical descriptions.

Siloam Tunnel
Robinson Explored the Siloam Tunnel Even Before Charles Warren.
Credit: Tamar Hayardeni from Hebrew Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Collaboration with Eli Smith:

Robinson collaborated closely with fellow American missionary and scholar Eli Smith. Together, they conducted surveys, compiled geographical data, and produced detailed maps of the Holy Land.

“Biblical Researches in Palestine”:

Robinson’s most famous work, “Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai, and Arabia Petraea,” published in three volumes between 1841 and 1856, remains a seminal resource for scholars and explorers. It detailed accounts of his travels, archaeological findings, and biblical identifications.

Edward Robinson - Biblical Researches in

Identification of Sites:

Robinson’s research led to the identification of numerous biblical sites and landmarks, including the biblical cities of Beersheba, Hebron, and Bethel.

Recognition and Legacy:

Robinson’s meticulous scholarship and contributions to biblical geography earned him recognition and respect in academic and theological circles. His work laid the foundation for further exploration and research in the Holy Land.

Robinson’s October 1840 Letter To His Publisher Enquiring Regarding The Upcoming Publication.

Later Life:

Edward Robinson continued his academic pursuits and teaching career, becoming a professor of biblical literature at Union Theological Seminary in New York City. He passed away on January 27, 1863.

Edward Robinson’s explorations of Palestine left an indelible mark on biblical geography and archaeology. His dedication to identifying and documenting biblical sites remains a testament to the enduring quest to understand the historical and cultural context of the Holy Land. Robinson’s work continues influencing scholars and researchers interested in the region’s rich history.


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


The Hippo Stadium at Caesarea

The Hippo Stadium at Caesarea National Park is well preserved and super impressive. If you're planning to tour the park don't skip it!

Roman Wall Paintings Styles

Roman wall painting styles are seen all over the Holy Land. This is especially true when you visit King Herod’s Palaces and Jewish homes dated ...

How Do Archaeologists Date Remains They Find?

In my private tours in Israel, I am asked how do archaeologists date remains they find?  When archaeologists dig in a biblical Tel how do ...

Antonia Fortress

The Antonia Fortress, was built by King Herod the Great in the 1st century BCE as part of his extensive construction projects in the city.

Archaeological Excavations in Tel Jericho

Let's journey through time as we explore the archaeological excavations in Tel Jericho that have unveiled the past mysteries!

Chicago University Excavations at Megiddo

Chicago University Excavations at Megiddo was unprecedented in its scale. As World War I wound down in 1919, James Henry Breasted initiates the foundation of ...

Walls of Jerusalem

The walls of Jerusalem in particular the first wall are crucial for any tour of Jerusalem. They were built after Cyrus II of Persia.

The Broad Wall

The Broad Wall is an ancient defensive wall in the Old City of Jerusalem's Jewish Quarter. Dated to the reign of King Hezekiah.

Charles Warren

Charles Warren was one of the very first archaeologists in the Holy Land. He was one of the earliest European archaeologists of the Holy Land

Private Touring the City of David

In this post, we will go private touring the City of David following the footsteps of Professor Yigal Shiloh's excavations at the Tel.

Need help?

Skip to content