The Armageddon 

the final battle

According to the Book of Revelation in the New Testament; the Armageddon (from Hebrew: Har Megiddo) is the prophesied location of a gathering of armies for a battle during the end times; variously interpreted as either a literal or a symbolic location.  The “mount” of Megiddo in northern Israel is not actually a mountain; but a tell (a mound or hill created by many generations of people living and rebuilding on the same spot) on which ancient forts were built to guard the Via Maris; an ancient trade route linking Egypt with the northern empires of Syria; Anatolia and Mesopotamia. Megiddo was the location of various ancient battles; including one in the 15th century BC and one in 609 BC. 

The one New Testament reference to the city of Armageddon found in Revelation 16:16 also makes no specific mention of any armies being predicted to one day gather in this city; but instead seems to predict only that “they (will gather) the kings together to …. Armageddon”. The text does however seem to imply; based on the text from the earlier passage of Revelation 16:14, that the purpose of this gathering of kings in the “place called Armageddon” is “for the war of the great day of God. Some Christian scholars conclude that Mount Armageddon must be an idealized location. 

 “And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.” (Revelation 16:16) 

The Idea of “The Armageddon” In Judasim

In Judasim there is a reference for such a battle. For example, the Book of Ezekiel records a series of visions received by the prophet Ezekiel; a priest of Solomon’s Temple; who was among the captive during the Babylonian exile. The exile, he tells his fellow captives, is God’s punishment on Israel for turning away, but God will restore his people to Jerusalem when they return to him. After this message of reassurance; chapters 38–39, the Gog oracle; tell how Gog of Magog and his hordes will threaten the restored Israel but will be destroyed; after which God will establish a new Temple and dwell with his people for a period of lasting peace (chapters 40–48).

“Son of man, direct your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince, leader of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy concerning him. Say: Thus said the Lord: Behold, I am against you, Gog, the prince, leader of Meshech and Tubal … Persia, Cush and Put will be with you … also Gomer with all its troops, and Beth Togarmah from the far north with all its troops—the many nations with you.”

Over the next few centuries, Jewish tradition changed Ezekiel’s Gog from Magog into Gog and Magog. The process, and the shifting geography of Gog and Magog, can be traced through the literature of the period. Chapters 19:11–21:8 of the Book of Revelation, dating from the end of the 1st century CE, tells how Satan is to be imprisoned for a thousand years; and how, on his release, he will rally “the nations in the four corners of the Earth, Gog and Magog”; to a final battle with Christ and his saints:


Revelation 20:7-10

When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the Earth—Gog and Magog—and to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore.                                                             

War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness

Another version of Armageddon is found in the War Scroll found in the Dead Sea Scrolls. In fact, the manuscript was among the scrolls found in Qumran Cave 1; acquired by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and first published posthumously by Eleazar Sukenik in 1955. So the document is made up of various scrolls and fragments. So these scrolls contain an apocalyptic prophecy of a war between the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness. In fact, the war is described in two distinct parts.

First (the War against the Kittim) described as a battle between the Sons of Light; consisting of the sons of Levi; the sons of Judah; and the sons of Benjamin, and the exiled of the desert. Against Edom, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the Amalekites, and Philistia and their allies the Kittim of Asshur (referred to collectively as the army of Belial); and [those who assist them from among the wicked] who “violate the covenant”.

Second is the part of the war (the War of Divisions) described as the Sons of Light; now the united twelve tribes of Israel, conquering the “nations of vanity.”  In the end, all of Darkness is to be destroyed and Light will live in peace for all eternity. So the text goes on to detail inscriptions for trumpets and banners for the war and liturgies for the priests during the conflict.

apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

Ancient Synagogues in Israel

Touring Ancient Synagogues in Israel is a genuine experience! Let's go and feel the magic entering a 2,000 y old synagogue in the Holy Land.

Muhammad’s Night Journey

According to Islam, the Islamic prophet Muhammad took a miraculous journey during a single night around the year 621 CE. Read all about it!

The Báb

The Báb, was the founder of Bábism, and one of the central figures of the Baháʼí Faith. The title Báb meaning "Gate" or "Door".

The Nativity of Jesus

The nativity of Jesus or Birth of Jesus is described in the biblical gospels of Luke and Matthew. So the two accounts agree that Jesus ...

Al-Buraq

The mythological creature al-Buraq is the creature that carried Muhammad from Mecca to Jerusalem. The Buraq which means in Arabic lightning.

The Religious Value of the River Jordan

The Religious Value of the River Jordan as I am sure you can imagine is outstanding. But before elaborating on the subject I would like ...

Western Wall

The Western Wall, Also known as the Wailing Wall, often shortened to 'The Kotel' is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem.

The Samaritans

Firstly, Samaritans are a unique ethnic located in Israel. To clarify, the word Samaritan means the “Guardians of the Torah”. And they are an ethnoreligious ...

Jerome

Jerome c. 347 – 30 September 420, was a theologian; and historian. He is commonly known as Saint Jerome. He is best known for his ...

The Prophet Elijah & Mt. Carmel

A well-known biblical account concerning Elijah the Prophet took place on top of Mt. Carmel. But in order to understand that we need a little ...

Need help?

Skip to content