Temple of Hathor In Timna Park

The Temple of Hathor in Timna Park is one of the most interesting archaeological finds found in the Arava. But before talking about the shrine of Hathor that was found there; who was the Goddes Egyptian of Hathor? So Hathor which means in ancient Egyptian, “House of Horus”; was a major goddess in ancient Egyptian religion who played a wide variety of roles. As a sky deity, she was the mother or consort of the sky god Horus and the sun god Ra, both of whom were connected with kingship, and thus she was the symbolic mother of their earthly representatives, the pharaohs.

She was one of several goddesses who acted as the Eye of Ra; Ra’s feminine counterpart; and in this form, she had a vengeful aspect that protected him from his enemies. Her beneficent side represented music; dance; joy, love, sexuality, and maternal care, and she acted as the consort of several male deities and the mother of their sons. Furthermore, Hathor crossed boundaries between worlds, helping deceased souls in the transition to the afterlife. Hathor was often depicted as a cow, symbolizing her maternal and celestial aspect, although her most common form was a woman wearing a headdress of cow horns and a sun disk. She could also be represented as a lioness, cobra, or sycamore tree.

Temple of Hathor In Timna Park: Thousands of Important Artifacts Were Found

So Beno Rothenberg, the main excavator of the Timna Valley area; excavated a small Egyptian temple dedicated to Hathor; the Egyptian goddess of mining; at the base of Solomon’s Pillars. The Temple of Hathor In Timna Park was built during the reign of Pharaoh Seti I at the end of the 14th century BCE; for the Egyptian miners. The shrine housed an open courtyard with a cell; an area cut into the rock to presumably house a statue of the deity. Then earthquake damage caused the temple to be rebuilt during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II in the 13th century BCE, with a larger courtyard and more elaborate walls and floors.

Moreover, the hieroglyphics; sculptures, and jewelry found in the temple totaled several thousand artifacts; have provided a lot of important information for archaeologists. Furthermore, a rock carving of Ramses III with Hathor is located at the top of a flight of steps carved into the stone next to the shrine of Hathor. When the Egyptians left the area in the middle of the 12th century BCE; the Midianites continued using the temple. They erased the evidence of the Egyptian cult; effaced the images of Hathor and the Egyptian hieroglyphics; and built a row of stelae and a bench of offerings on both sides of the entrance. They turned the temple into a tented desert shrine and filled it with Midianite pottery and metal jewelry. There was also a bronze serpent found near the sanctuary.

apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

Mesha Stele

The Mesha Stele is one of the most exceptional biblical archaeological artifacts ever found. The Stele match certain events in the Bible.

The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser

The Black Obelisk Of Shalmaneser III is the earliest ancient description of a biblical figure, Jehu, the Son of King Omri.

The Arad House

This rare find, The Arad House, sheds light on the appearance of houses in Tel Arad. Arad’s houses were boxy, windowless, single-story structures with flat ...

Private Touring the City of David

In this post, we will go private touring the City of David following the footsteps of Professor Yigal Shiloh's excavations at the Tel.

Tel Dan Stele

So the Tel Dan Stele is a fragmentary stele containing a Canaanite inscription, discovered in 1993 in Tel Dan by Gila Cook; a member of ...

Ramesses II Gate Jaffa

The Ramesses II Gate Jaffa is a must-see site when touring Old Jaffa. The intriguing-looking gate tells the story of an entire period!

Abydos Ware

So Abydos pottery ware is a unique pottery group from the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC. Now the group mainly includes jugs; juglets and ...

Walls of Jerusalem

The walls of Jerusalem in particular the first wall are crucial for any tour of Jerusalem. They were built after Cyrus II of Persia.

New Church of the Theotokos

The New Church of the Theotokos (The Nea Church) was a Byzantine church erected in Jerusalem by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.

How Does an Archaeological Tel Is Formed?

So what are archaeological Tels like Megiddo? How are they formed exactly? In this post, I will try and answer these questions, and much more! trying ...

Need help?

Skip to content