Lachish in the Hebrew Bible

Touring Israel

Tel Lachish is the site of an ancient Near Eastern city, now an important archaeological site in the Judaean Hills. We hear first about Lachish in the Amarna letters as Lakisha. In addition according to the Hebrew Bible, the Israelites captured and destroyed Lachish for joining the league against the Gibeonites (Joshua 10:31–33). The territory was later assigned to the tribe of Judah (15:39) and became part of the Kingdom of Israel.



Of the cities in the ancient Kingdom of Judah, Lachish was second in importance only to Jerusalem. One of the Lachish letters warns of the impending Babylonian destruction. It reads: “Let my lord know that we are watching over the beacon of Lachish, according to the signals which my lord gave, for Azekah is not seen.” According to the prophet Jeremiah, Lachish and Azekah were the last two Judean cities to fall before the conquest of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 34:7). This pottery inscription can be seen at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

Lachish in the Hebrew Bible: Siege by Sennacherib

In 701 BCE, during the revolt of king Hezekiah against Assyria; it was besieged and captured by Sennacherib despite the defenders’ determined resistance. Some scholars believe that the fall of Lachish actually occurred during a second campaign in the area by Sennacherib ca. 688 BCE. So the site now contains the only remains of an Assyrian siege ramp discovered so far.

Sennacherib later devoted a whole room in his “Palace without a rival”, the South-west palace in Nineveh, for artistic representations of the siege on large alabaster slabs, most of which are now on display in the British Museum. In addition, they hold depictions of Assyrian siege ramps; battering rams; sappers; and other siege machines and army units; along with Lachish’s architecture and its final surrender. In combination with the archaeological finds, they give a good understanding of the siege warfare of the period.

How to get to Tel Lachish?

apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Jerusalem and the Bible

RELATED POSTS

The Wedding at Cana

The wedding in Cana, recorded in John 2, is a powerful event in the New Testament that holds immense significance for Christians today.

Western Wall

The Western Wall, Also known as the Wailing Wall, often shortened to 'The Kotel' is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Lord’s Prayer

The Lord’s Prayer, also called the Our Father, is a central Christian prayer which, according to the New Testament, Jesus taught as the way to pray: Pray then in this way … (Matthew ...

The Miracles of Jesus

This post is all about the Miracles of Jesus in the Holy Land. Which by the way is called the Land of Miracles and with a very good reason!

Peter’s Denials of Jesus

All four Canonical Gospels devote a large portion to the Passion of Jesus, and all four give what appears to be a disproportionate amount of space ...

Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin

Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin is quite yet another amazing episode in the last hours of Jesus. I invite you to read all about in this post.

John the Baptist

John the Baptist was a Jewish itinerant preacher in the early 1st century CE. John would appear beside the Jordan and Baptize Jesus.

Catherine of Alexandria

Catherine of Alexandria is according to tradition, a Christian saint and virgin, who was martyred in the early 4th century by the emperor Maxentius.

Maronites In Israel

Maronites in Israel are an Arabic-speaking minority who belong to the Maronite Catholic Church. They reside in Israel, and some of whom self-identify as Arameans ...

The Last Hours of Jesus

This post is about the last hours of Jesus in Gethsemane, in other words, the beginning of the Passion of Christ in Jerusalem.

Need help?