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Church of the Flagellation

Exploring Jerusalem

The Church of the Flagellation is a Roman Catholic church in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. Standing on the Via Dolorosa near St. Stephen’s Gate at the traditional Second Station of the Cross, the site is believed to be the place where the Roman soldiers flogged Jesus after he was convicted and sentenced to death. The church is part of a Franciscan monastery that includes the Church of the Condemnation and Imposition of the Cross.

Church of the Flagellation

History of the Church of the Flagellation

The Crusaders first built the Church of the Flagellation in the 12th century. The original church and surrounding buildings were used as stables and later as private houses during the Ottoman period. In 1838, Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt gave the entire complex to the Franciscans, and a year later, the church was rebuilt over the medieval ruins by Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria.

Church of the Flagellation
In This Photo: The Inside of the Church

Then the current church was completely reconstructed in 1928–29 by Italian Antonio Barluzzi. He designed the church in the same style as it was built in the 12th century. Today, the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land holds the church in trust.

The architecture of the Church of the Flagellation

Furthermore, the Church of the Flagellation features a simple design with a single aisle. It has a domelike ceiling with a beautiful mosaic designed as a circular pattern of thorns. Three spectacular stained-glass windows depict different aspects of Pilate’s Biblical narrative of the trial of Jesus.

Christian Tour of Jerusalem
Christian Holy Land Four Day Tour
In This Photo: Church of Visitation in Ein Kerem, Also Designed by Barluzzi

In addition, the northern window of the church depicts Pontius Pilate washing his hands, and the southern one, the victory of Barabbas. The central stained-glass window behind the altar depicts the Flagellation.

Monastery of the Flagellation

Also, the Church of the Flagellation is one of three buildings that make up the Monastery of the Flagellation. The other two buildings in the monastery are the Church of the Condemnation and the Terra Sancta Museum.

The Monastery of the Flagellation is located near the Praetorium. In other words, where Jesus was imprisoned, mocked, and crowned with thorns. In addition, Pontius Pilate’s famous ‘Ecce Homo’ speech is also believed to have taken place in the area where the Church of Ecce Homo and the Convent of the Sisters of Zion now stand.

Church of the Flagellation
The Chapel From the Inside

German architect Wendelin Hinterkeuser built the Church of the Condemnation in 1904. The church rests atop the ruins of a medieval chapel and is topped with five white domes, each containing stained glass windows. The church boasts beautiful original Roman floors, with one slab bearing the marks of an ancient game played by soldiers.

Terra Sancta Museum

The third part of the complex is the Terra Sancta Museum. The museum chronicles the artistic, historical, and religious history of the Christian faith and the Via Dolorosa. The archaeological and multimedia sections of the Terra Sancta Museum are at the Monastery of the Flagellation.

Church of the Flagellation
In This Photo: A Zoom-In on the Chapel’s Design Made by Barluizzi. You Can See the ‘Pillow Case Style’ Typical of the Crusader era; You Can Also See Above it the Design of the Ziziphus Spina Christi, the Plant that According to Tradition, the Crown of Thorns Was Made From.

Furthermore, the multimedia section of the Terra Sancta Museum covers 2,000 years of history in Jerusalem through digital animation and narration. The archaeological section, which opened in June 2018, displays objects discovered in places mentioned in the Gospels.

Church of the Flagellation
In This Photo: The Location of the Museum is Just Next to the Chapell

The historical section of the museum at St. Saviour Monastery in the Christian Quarter displays gifts from European royalty to the Holy Land.


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

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