Close this search box.

Siege of Jerusalem in 1187

Holy Land Revealed

The Siege of Jerusalem in 1187, during the Crusades, is a significant event in the history of the Holy Land. Furthermore, it marked a turning point in the struggle for control of Jerusalem between Christian Crusaders and Muslim forces led by Salah ad-Din Yusuf, commonly known as Saladin. Here’s an overview of the Siege of Jerusalem in 1187:

Battle of Hattin
Battle of Hattin

Siege of Jerusalem in 1187- Some Background:

Crusader Presence: By the late 12th century, various Crusader states had been established in the Levant, including the Kingdom of Jerusalem, which had controlled the city of Jerusalem since 1099.

Muslim Response: In addition, Muslim leaders, including Saladin, sought to reunite Muslim territories in the Holy Land and challenge the Christian presence. Saladin’s rise to power and military campaigns posed a significant threat to the Crusader states.

Key Figures:

Saladin (Salah ad-Din): Saladin, a skilled military commander and diplomat, became the Sultan of Egypt and Syria and emerged as the leader of the Muslim forces in the region.

Balian of Ibelin: He was a crusader noble of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 12th century. He was lord of Ibelin from 1170 to 1193. As the city’s defense leader during the siege of Jerusalem in 1187, he surrendered Jerusalem to Saladin on 2 October 1187.


The Siege:

The Siege of Jerusalem unfolded in the following manner:

Capture of Key Cities: Before the siege of Jerusalem, Saladin had successfully captured several key Crusader cities, weakening the Crusaders’ position in the region.

Dwindling Supplies: As the Muslim forces advanced, the Crusader defenders of Jerusalem faced dwindling supplies, and the city’s water sources were cut off.

Desperate Situation: Balian of Ibelin and his Christian knights and inhabitants were in a dire situation as Saladin’s forces surrounded the city.

Surrender Negotiations: Negotiations for the city’s surrender began, and Saladin offered terms that included safe passage for Christians to leave Jerusalem.

Capture of Jerusalem: Ultimately, on October 2, 1187, Jerusalem surrendered to Saladin. The Muslim forces entered the city peacefully, and the Christian residents could leave.

Siege of Jerusalem 1099
Siege of Jerusalem 1187
Balian of Ibelin Surrendering the City of Jerusalem to Saladin, From Les Passages Faits Outremer Par Les Français Contre Les Turcs ET Autres Sarrasins ET Maures Outremarins, C. 1490

Siege of Jerusalem in 1187 – Consequences:

Loss of Jerusalem: Furthermore, the capture of Jerusalem by Saladin marked the end of nearly a century of Crusader rule in the city. It had profound religious and political ramifications.

Muslim Reunification: So Saladin’s successful campaign to recapture Jerusalem was a significant achievement in his efforts to unite Muslim territories in the Holy Land.

Third Crusade: Lastly, the fall of Jerusalem catalyzed the Third Crusade (1189-1192), which aimed to reclaim the Holy City from Saladin’s control. This led to the famous clash between European leaders like Richard the Lionheart and Saladin.

Legacy: The Siege of Jerusalem in 1187 symbolizes the complex and contested history of the Holy Land and continues to be a subject of historical and religious significance.

In conclusion, the Siege of Jerusalem in 1187 is a poignant episode in the history of the Crusades and the struggle for control of the Holy City. Ultimately, Saladin’s capture of Jerusalem and the subsequent events shaped the geopolitical landscape of the Holy Land for centuries to come. More about the subject on Wikipedia!


Hi! My name is Arik, an Israeli native who dedicated his life to sharing my passion for the Holy Land with those interested in knowing more about this incredible piece of land. I’m the Chief Guide at ‘APT Private Tours in Israel’.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter


The Rise and Fall of the Nabataeans

So, how can we explain the rise and fall of the Nabataeans? Here is the most updated information about the ancient kingdom!

Siege of Lachish 701 BCE

The Siege of Lachish in 701 BCE by the Assyrian Empire over the Kingdom of Judah embarked on a campaign to assert its regional dominance.

Natufian Culture

The Natufian culture is a pivotal chapter in human civilization during the Neolithic period. Join me as we uncover this ancient society!

Late Bronze Age Collapse

Let's shed some light on the Late Bronze Age Collapse, unraveling its causes, consequences, and the mysteries that still linger today.


Imad al-Din Zengi, often known as Zengi, stands out as a formidable Muslim military leader who played a crucial role during the Crusades era.

The Zealots

The Zealots were a political movement in 1st-century Second Temple Judaism that sought to incite the Jews to rebel against the Romans.

What is the Praetorium

The Praetorium is also used in reference to the trial of Jesus Christ, as described in the New Testament. To learn more click here!


Hashomer was a Jewish defense organization in Palestine founded in April 1909. It was disbanded after the founding of the Haganah in 1920.

Nili Underground

Nili Underground was a Jewish espionage network that fought for freedom. Nili helped the UK fight against the Ottomans during World War I.

Sea People

The Sea People were maritime raiders who played a significant role in the political and military upheavals during the Bronze Age.

Need help?