Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit

Church of the Redeemer

Christian Sites in Jerusalem

The Lutheran Church of the Redeemer is the second Protestant church in Jerusalem (the first being Christ Church near Jaffa Gate). Built between 1893 and 1898 by the architect Paul Ferdinand Groth following the designs of Friedrich Adler. In addition the church was built on land given to King William I of Prussia (after 1870 Kaiser Wilhelm I); on the occasion of the latter’s participation at the inauguration of the Suez Canal in 1869 by Sultan Abdülhamid of the Ottoman Empire. Furthermore, the church was constructed from 1892 to 1898.



The location had been the site of the old church of St. Mary Minor. In 1898, Kaiser Wilhelm II made a trip to Jerusalem to personally dedicate the new church. In fact, for the dedication of the church, the Kaiser entered the city on horseback through two specially made ceremonial arches. Now one was a gift from the Ottoman Empire and one a gift from the local Jewish community. Officially the church was dedicated on Reformation Day, 1898. Also, in the garden next to the church is a memorial marking the location of the crusader headquarters of the Order of the Knights of St. John.

Church of the Redeemer: Archaeological Park

So the archaeological park below the nave of the Church of the Redeemer opened in November 2012; offers the possibility to experience more than 2,000 years of history of the city of Jerusalem by walking through it. Furthermore, the archaeological excavations, conducted by Conrad Schick and Ute Wagner-Lux in 1893, and then Karl Vriezen from 1970 to 1974, have been prepared by the in 2009–2012 to present to visitors the different stages of development and building of Jerusalem. The adjoining cloister of the vicarage maintains a museum for more information and exhibits on the city’s history.



Church of the Redeemer: A Key site in the Christian Quarter

The church is located at the end of the Christian Quarter, near an area of ​​shops and cafes called Muristan. The area got its name because in the Crusader period it housed St. John’s Hospital, named after St. John, of the Hospitaller Order. After the re-conquest of Jerusalem by the Muslims, the Muslims hospitalized their wounded in this hospital, and it was they who gave the compound the name “Moristan”, a disruption of the Persian word “Bimarestan” – hospital.



In the Muristan complex, in addition to the Great Hospital, there were two churches – the Church of Santa Maria Latina and the Church of Santa Maria the Great (Majora). The smaller of the two, Santa Maria Latina, was founded in the 12th century by donations from merchants from the Italian city of Amalfi. It was built, apparently, under the supervision of the blessed Gerardus (or Gerard), who later was the founder of the Hospitaller Order. The Church of the Redeemer is built on the remains of this church, and parts of the original building of the church have been incorporated into the new church building.



Some More About the Church of the Redeemer

The remains of the church from the Crusader period stand out mainly at the northern (usually blocked) entrance to the church (opposite Alexander Nevsky Church). In fact, the decorations on the gate of the Crusader church depict the months of the year according to the agricultural cycle. Now the builders of the Church of the Redeemer did not take into account scientific conservation when they incorporated the ancient gate into the new church building, So as a result, ancient photographs (such as that of Felix Bonfis shown below) must be used to identify what is new and what is ancient.



Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on google
Share on telegram
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on digg
Share on reddit
apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history.

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Touring Holy Jerusalem

RELATED POSTS

The Chalcolithic Temple at Ein Gedi

The Chalcolithic Temple at Ein Gedi is one of the three sanctuaries dated to the Chalcolithic period that can be found in the area.

Dormition Abbey

The Dormition Abbey Jerusalem also known as Abbey of the Dormition is a wonderful site to visit when touring Jerusalem. Click here for more!

Rockefeller Archeological Museum

The Rockefeller Museum is an archeological museum located just outside the walls of Old Town Jerusalem. The museums stores real treasures.

The Memorial to the Deportees

The Memorial to the Deportees was established at Yad Vashem as a monument to the millions of Jews herded onto cattle cars and transported from ...

Caesarea Maritima National Park

Caesarea Maritima, formerly Strato’s Tower, also known as Caesarea Palestinae, was an ancient city on the coast of the Mediterranean, now in ruins and included ...

Sarona Colony

Another great reason to come and check out Sarona Market is the Sarona Colony which is now a trendy commercial area called Sarona Tel Aviv. ...

Atlit Castle

Château Pèlerin (Latin: Castrum Perigrinorum), also known as Atlit Castle, is a Crusader fortress located near Ceasarea National Park.

Ramat Gan Safari

The Ramat Gan Safari – also known as Tel Aviv’s Zoo is a real entertainment site for the entire family! It is located just outside ...

Church of the Visitation

So the Church of the Visitation is a Catholic church in Ein Karem and honors the visit paid by the Virgin Mary, the mother of ...

Tel Dor National Park

Let's Get to know Tel Dor National Park! The park is a unique spot along Israel's shoreline with a breathtaking view and rich history!