Who built the First Temple?

Holy Land Explained

Who built the First Temple? Do We Have Archaeological Remains From The First Temple? We don’t have archaeological remains from the First Temple that was built by King Solomon. On the other hand, we have literary references to King Solomon’s Temple in the Hebrew Bible. So, we can get an idea of how the temple looked; Together with comparing it to other ancient temples in the region we can get a fairly good idea. Temple Mount physically dominated the City of David.; King Solomon’s temple was sitting on the natural high point overlooking Ancient Jerusalem.

Who built The First Temple?

The Hebrew Bible is telling us that the Temple was built by workmen from Phoenicia:

“Now King Hiram of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon when he heard that they anointed him, king, in place of his father; for Hiram had always been a friend of David”

(1 KINGS 5:1-6)

We read that a Phoenician King ruling over the city of Tyre and Phoenicia is mentioned. In order to form political alliances, we know King Solomon intermarried with foreign princesses of the neighboring kingdoms. Including a Phoenician princess.

“Solomon sent word to Hiram, saying: I intend to build a house for the name of the Lord my God; Therefore command that cedars from Lebanon be cut for me; For you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians”

(1 KINGS 5:1-6)

We learn King Solomon was establishing alliances with the Phoenician King, by importing materials like The Cedars of Lebanon; which were Known as a desirable material; Being the longest pieces of wood in the area to be obtained. But King Solomon also needed the craftsmen that know how to work with the timber and shape those wooden beams; So he asked for workmen from Phenicia as well.

In short, we don’t have remains of the Temple but: firstly, we know Phoenician materials were incorporated into it like Cedars; Secondly, we know foreign artists were brought to aid – All this for making the Temple.



Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

The Virgin Mary


The Templars’ Tunnel

The Templars' Tunnel is a concealed, centuries-old passage between a former Knights Templars fortress & the nearby Ancient Port of Acre

Amud Cave

Amud Cave is located in Nahal Amud; close to the rock pillar after which the stream is named. The cave was excavated by a Japanese ...

Caesarea´s Roman Port

Caesarea´s Roman Port was one of the most impressive harbors of its time. It served as an important commercial harbor in antiquity.

Gezer Calendar 

So the Gezer calendar is a small limestone tablet with an early Canaanite inscription discovered in 1908 by Irish archaeologist R. A. Stewart Macalister in ...

The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser

The Black Obelisk Of Shalmaneser III is the earliest ancient description of a biblical figure, Jehu, the Son of King Omri.

King Herod’s Palaces

King Herod's Palaces are part of his colossal building projects throughout Judea, including the fortress at Masada, and Herodium.

Madaba Map

The Madaba Map contains the oldest surviving original cartographic depiction of the Holy Land, especially Jerusalem. Want to know more?

The Cultic Area in Caesarea

The Cultic Area in Caesarea has been a vibrant area in the port city of Caesarea Maritima since its establishment 2,000 years ago.

Egyptian Execration Texts

Execration texts are ancient Egyptian hieratic texts, the listing of enemies of the Pharaoh. Often enemies of the Egyptian state.

Ancient Jerusalem’s Water Systems

This post is about Ancient Jerusalem’s water systems. The main water supply in biblical Jerusalem was the Gihon spring which comes out of the eastern ...

Need help?