The First Casualty of 1947-1949 Palestine War

Nechama Hacohen

This post is about the first casualty of the 1947-1949 Palestine War, her name was Nechama Zoltowski Hacohen. When Nechama was in her early 20’s she decides to immigrate to Israel. Firstly, she was very active in the Haganah organization in Jerusalem. Actually, she was a very dedicated member. And as a result, she fulfilled each and every assignment given to her. Alongside she worked as a laboratory technician at the Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem.



Nechama belonged to the Haganah medical service. After the UN Resolution to part Palestine,  a state of emergency was announced in Jerusalem. While she was on vacation visiting her husband she said: “I belong to the Haganah” in the Old City. So the day after the UN resolution she takes a bus to Jerusalem. Surprisingly, the bus was ambushed by an Arab gang. That is to say, she was the very first victim of the War. 

The Motives For The Attack

The motives for the attack are not entirely clear. According to the Shai Unit of the Haganah, the individual behind the attack was a man named Abu Kishak. So we know that this guy was responsible for many other attacks. And most of the Shai Unit involved in the case figure it was a retaliation attack for a Lehi operation that during that operation five men were killed.

Israel Palestine War
The-First-Casualty-of-1947-1949-Palestine-War-1
In This Photo: Arab Irregulars, Along With a Burnt Truck on the Way to Jerusalem

But another theory suggested that this attack was a robbery. And the idea was to rob the passengers. what happened is that a British police car was there and prevented them from pursuing their plan. The attack was presented in the Media in those days as a nationalistic attack, an Arab response to the UN resolution. But the commander of the Shai Unit, David Shaltiel, suggested classifying this act as criminal and not as nationalistic.

The First Casualty of 1947-1949 Palestine War: Where is Nechama Buried?

Lastly, her body was transported to Jerusalem. So she could be buried in the Mount of Olives Cemetery. Her name is engraved in a monument erected in the Military Cemetery in Mount Herzl in memory of the Victims of the Jewish Quarter and in memory of warriors who fell in the battle over Jerusalem and were buried at the Mount of Olives

apt-stamp-white@2x
arik-about

Hi! My name is Arik Haglili, an Israeli native who decided to dedicate his life to share my knowledge about the Holy Land to those that are interested to know more about this amazing piece of land. My career as a private tour guide started at the International School For the Studying of the Holocaust and the rest is history. 

Did you know the Hoopoe is Israel's national bird?! For more cool info about Israel, join our ever growing community and get exclusive travel tips, and giveaways!

Simon Peter

RELATED POSTS

1936-1939 Arab Revolt in Palestine

The 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine, was a nationalist uprising by Palestinian Arabs in Mandatory Palestine against the British administration of the Palestine Mandate. Furthermore,  ...

The Roman Period in the Holy Land

The Roman Period in the Holy Land had left a strong mark in Israel's chronicles. Almost on every archaeological site, there are Roman remains

Sarona Colony

Another great reason to come and check out Sarona Market is the Sarona Colony which is now a trendy commercial area called Sarona Tel Aviv. ...

The Haganah

The Haganah, the 'father' of the Israel Defense Forces. The organization that gave the victory to the young State of Israel in 1948

Emperor Titus

Before becoming Emperor; Titus gained renown as a military commander; serving under his father in Judea during the First Jewish–Roman War.

Acre Ancient Port 

Acre ancient port was first mentioned as a port city in a certificate from the city of Ugarit in the 14th century BCE.

The Six-Day War

In the Six Day War Israel defeated once more its rivals and ended with a great victory. And yet, till today it's the source of its problems.

The Political System of Canaan

This is very interesting story

Nebi Yusha Fort

Nebi Yusha Fort is a place that inspires the emotions of pain, for the price paid for independence, worth visiting if you are in the area.

The Pre-IDF Brigades: Haganah, Irgun, and Lehi

This is very interesting story

Need help?

Skip to content