Hamam al-Basha was established in 1795 by the governor of the north of the country; Ahmad al-Jazar and is named after him. It is said to have been erected on the remains of a Crusader bathhouse; and its eastern and northern facades overlap with the ancient structure. Like other hammams throughout the Ottoman Empire, it also served as a social meeting place. Until the establishment of the state, the building functioned as a hammam, and from 1954 until the 1990s as a municipal museum.
More Information About Hamam al-Basha
So like I said Hamam al-Basha was built at the end of the 18th century by the Governor of Acre, Jazzar Pasha. But at first, it was called “Hama al-Jadid”. But its name was subsequently changed to Hamam al-Basha (the Pasha’s Hamam. In fact, the Turkish bath’s construction was part of the transformation of Acre during the Ottoman Period from a small fishing village into a teeming port city and a major construction and trade center. Also during his reign, el-Jazzar strove to further the city in many and varied ways. Among his accomplishments is the aqueduct which led freshwater to the city. Also, he built the breakwater for safe docking at the port; and major buildings such as the Khan el-Umdan – Acre’s largest mosque – his luxurious palace, and of course, the Turkish bath.
When I am touring Acre I like to take my guests to see the Hamam. I personally find it quite interesting and illustrate how Turkish Hamams used to be in those days. I recommend combining it with a tour of Rosh Hanikra and the entire shoreline. Try to combine it with a visit to Caesarea National Park I think both would turn it into an amazing day! So if you have more questions feel free to get in touch!